How Existentialism and Psychoanalysis Influenced Frankl

807 WordsJun 22, 20184 Pages
Before an in-depth look at how existentialism and psychoanalysis influenced Frankl, let take a look at what each of these theories mean. Existentialism became identified with a cultural movement that blossomed in Europe during the forties and fifties; this term adopted by Jean-Paul Sartre as a self-description in Sartre and his associates postwar literary and philosophical writings. “By the mid 1970s the cultural image of existentialism had become a cliché, parodized in countless books and films by Woody Allen.” (123 Help me) According one website I researched, all about philosophy states the definition of Existentialism is: “Existentialism is a 20th century philosophy concerned with human existence, finding self, and the meaning of…show more content…
Applying a broad definition of sexuality, he called these periods’ psychosexual stages. During each stage, the pleasure-seeking impulses of the id focus on, and derive pleasure from, a particular area of the body and in activities connected with that area”. (123 helpme) Freud’s theories parallels with what I was taught in young child development class that during the first five years, the groundwork for the child’s personality, morals and values had been laid and practically sealed.” o Psychoanalytic therapy normally has two stages: 1.the release of repression, thereby allowing the conflict to enter consciousness, and, 2.the redirection of the emotional energy (libido) associated with the repression thereby allowing the patient's ego to gain control of the conflict. With the fore mention examples of existentialism and psychoanalysis, a relevant connection can be made in how Frankl’s views could have been influenced. As Frankl’s states on page 162: Optimism like happiness cannot ordered or forced it must be ensue, A human being is not one in pursuit of happiness but rater in search for a reason to be happy. Existential and psychoanalysis both seem to build off a person’s inner self, their core individuality and decides from there what they will or won’t endure for themselves or for others be it family, love ones and or friends. Where Marxism relates mostly to a society rather than an individual within a society as shown in the below excerpt

More about How Existentialism and Psychoanalysis Influenced Frankl

Open Document