How Far Do You Agree That the Collectivisation of Agriculture Made an Essential Contribution to Stalin's Transformation of the Russian Economy?

752 Words Dec 26th, 2012 4 Pages
How far do you agree that the collectivisation of agriculture made an essential contribution to Stalin's transformation of the Russian economy?

To a greater extent, I do agree that collectivisation was an essential contribution to stalin’s transformation of the economy, for example, it helped increase production and with it came the increase in industrialisation. Although there were many clear failures with collectivisation, in purely economic terms, it was mainly successful. However, I also think, that to a certain extent, it was other factors such as the 3 5 year plans that helped transform the economy.

Collectivisation was the process by which Russian agriculture was reformed, small farm were merged into larger units, in hope of
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Between 9.5 million and 10 million people were exiled due to dekulakisation. The kulaks were however the most talented of the farmers and with rapid liquidation of their kind, Stalin was in fact decreasing the efficiency of production. Others who were afraid of being labelled kulak and being handed the same fate, began to get rid of the new and best technologies in order to come across less like them. Figures show that grain harvests did in fact decrease, in 1928, they stood at 73.3 million tons whereas in 1924 they had decreased to 67.6 million tons. As well as this, peasants were being forced to meet unrealistic targets with little or no rewards. They no longer owned the land they worked on, or could sell the food they produced in order to gain profits to cover the production costs. This created resentment towards the government, rather than the joint revolutionary spirit Stalin had wished to conjure. Instead peasants began killing cattle and other livestock to prevent them from having to be turned over to the state, instead of increasing productivity this naturally stunted economic growth. Cattle, pigs, sheep and goats all decreased, for example, cattle herds decreased from 70.5 million head to 42.4 million head in 1934.

Although collectivisation does show clear beneficial factors that contributed to Stalin’s transformation of the Russian economy, there were also other factors which
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