How Far Do You Agree That the Brutality of the Bolsheviks Was the Main Reason Why They Remained in Power in the Years 1917-24?

1058 WordsDec 4, 20125 Pages
How far do you agree that the brutality of the Bolsheviks was the main reason why they remained in power in the years 1917–24? This essay shall address the issue of how the far the brutality of Bolshevik Regime ensured the maintaining of it’s power between the years of 1917-24. This essay shall explore topics concerning the ‘Dictatorship Of The Proletariat’, The Cheka, War Communism, The Red Terror and other potential reasons for the Bolsheviks remaining in power. This essay shall also explore the various views put forth by various Historians such as Robert Conquest and Richard Pipes. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat was an idea advocated by Lenin throughout the course of the initial years of the Bolshevik Regime. The idea stemmed…show more content…
The Russian Civil War (1917-1923) saw millions of deaths and millions further starved. The Bolsheviks saw the importance of maintaining their power in the cities in order to maintain power over the country itself. To keep the people happy thus, they realised they needed to keep the people fed. This led top the eventual inception of War Communism. An economic/agricultural policy incorporated by War Communism was known as Prodrazvyorstka – requisition of agricultural surpluses from peasants in excess of absolute minimum for centralized distribution among the remaining population. This meant that the Bolsheviks could seize whatever food they needed from the countryside towns and villages and distribute it amongst the urban population in cities such as Petrograd and Moscow. The peasants in the countryside did not, however, always co-operate with the Bolshevik authorities when it came to handing over their grain. In 1921, the sailors at Kronstadt revolted in direct response to slipping living standards and the starvation of people across the country. Soon after the Bolsheviks led an army 10,000 strong to crush the rebellion, one the revolutionaries were defeated around 1,200 to 2,168 were executed in the days following the revolt. The coupling of the starvation brought about by War Communism and the crushing of revolts following War Commusism showed the Bolshevik Regime to

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