How Far Henri Fayols Principle of Management Is Relevant with Contemporary Public Administration

3060 Words Dec 14th, 2012 13 Pages
Background
One of the first persons to sit down and try to work out what managers do (and what they should do) was a Frenchman called Henri Fayol. Fayol was born in Istanbul in 1841 in a French middle class family. After his graduation in 1860, he began working as an engineer at a large mining company in France (S.A. commentart-Fourchambault). He eventually became the director, at a time when the mining company employed more than 1,000 people in.
Through the years, Fayol began to develop what he considered to be the 14 most important principles of management. Essentially, these explained how managers should organize and interact with staff.
In 1916, two years before he stepped down as director, he published his "14 Principles of
…show more content…
3. Discipline:
Fayol considered discipline, as "respect for agreements which are directed at achieving obedience, application, energy and the outward marks of respect." Authority is of two types: one that stems from the official position and the other that results from personal knowledge, character and competence. Again Fayol has given us a scintillating expression: He says: 'Discipline is what managers make it. ' If managers are disciplined in their own work, the entire organisation becomes disciplined. If the manager is slack and slovenly in his work, people also become indifferent towards their work. Fayol thought essential to have supervisors who are competent, impartial and social.
4. Unity of Command:
The workers should receive orders only from one source. Emphasizing on the importance of unity of command, Fayol wrote, "Should it be violated, authority is undermined. Discipline is in jeopardy, order disturbed and stability threatened. This rule seems fundamental to me and so I have given it the rank of a principle." According to him, "A body with two heads is in the social as in the animal sphere as monster and has difficulty in surviving."
5. Unity of Direction:
By Unity of direction Fayol meant "one unit and one plan" for group of activities having the same objective. Fayol wrote, "unity of direction (one unit,