How Far Is Odysseus Motivated by Nostos?

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“Odysseus is motivated only by his desire to return home (nostos).”
How far do you agree with this view? In your answer you should: * Consider how Odysseus behaves on his journey home; * Include an analysis of his motives; * Support your answer with evidence from The Odyssey.

On his journey home, Odysseus encounters many obstacles which he attempts to overcome swiftly so that he may arrive home as soon as possible; however, it can be argued that nostos is not his only motive throughout his journey, though it may be the most significant.
In Book 5, Homer presents Odysseus for the first time, and we find him weeping for his “lost home” and discover that he has been doing so for the past seven years every day. This shows how
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In Book 12, Odysseus encounters the Sirens, Scylla and Charybdis and the island of Thrinacie. Here it is very clear that his motive is not nostos; he listens to the Sirens rather than putting wax in his ears, motivated by kleos and curiosity; he attempts to kill Scylla rather than sailing swiftly past, again motivated by kleos; he easily gives in to his men and lands on Thrinacie despite knowing that their “deadliest peril” (and greatest obstacle to nostos) lies there, claiming his motive is that he cannot go against the majority vote. Although he does pray to the gods for a “way of escape” from Thrinacie, he can also be motivated by wanting supplies and self-preservation, so his sole motive is not nostos.
On Scherie, Odysseus states that “All I seek now is my passage home”. The use of “all” shows that it is the only thing he wishes for and therefore his sole motive since he has left Calypso’s island. It can be argued, however, that it is only because Odysseus has achieved kleos (his name is known even in the heavens) and no longer has the responsibility of his men that his sole motive is now nostos. Also, he has now been away from home for twenty years, and is now truly homesick.
Odysseus’ arrival in Ithaca is quite anti-climatic: although he is “overjoyed” and kisses the earth, Homer does not linger on the moment but relates how Athene and Odysseus proceed to make a plan. The killing of the
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