How Far Were Divisions Amongst Opponents Responsible for the Survival of Tsarist Rule, 1881 - 1905?
805 WordsJan 1, 20114 Pages
How far were divisions amongst opponents responsible for the survival of Tsarist rule, 1881 - 1905?
Divisions of opposing groups of the Tsar were important to the survival of Tsarist Russia. However, other factors such as the church, the belief of the divine right, the army and the Okhrana were also effective in keeping the Tsar in a state of power.
Firstly, the opposition groups of the Tsar were known as the Populists, the Liberals and the Marxists. Each group had its own ideas on what was needed for Russia and each group wanted change, however, there were many problems within the groups and none of them were willing to work with each other. The Populists who were mainly concentrated on establishing a democratic government used violent…show more content…
These teachings were a massive problem for the Populists when they assassinated Tsar Alexander II, the people of Russia had seen the culprits publicly hanged by the Tsar’s son, Alexander III and this caused massive hatred towards the opposition group, especially as the Populists were built up of 85% of the peasant population! The Tsar was seen as the ‘’Dear Father’’, who would want to kill someone who had been put on the throne by God himself?
Thirdly, the Tsar had the benefit of controlling the army and the secret police force, the Okhrana. The Tsar was the commander and chief of the Russian army, he had total control of it and they had been loyal to the Tsar for many years (Nicholas I had an input in creating the Okhrana). The army and the Okhrana were used very efficiently by the Tsars. If anybody opposed the Tsar with violent protests or demonstrations, the army would be called in and many of the protesters would be shot and trampled on by horses. As well as removing current threats to the Tsar, the armies input effected possible opponents, as they knew what their own fate would be if they also tried to oppose the ‘Dear father’. The Okhrana was also very effective, it was known for infiltrating opposition groups and dividing them even further. If an opposition group member was caught, they would be exiled to Siberia to die a cold and