How Geography Impacted Ancient China

585 WordsFeb 23, 20182 Pages
Ancient China How Geography Impacted Ancient China Many historians have contemplated if ancient China’s geography was harmful or helpful to the lasting of its civilization. Ancient China’s geography brought many contributions and devastations. The Huang He and Yangtze river valleys were vital to Chinese history. They provided the Chinese with fertile soil on which they based their agrarian society. The Himalayas form a natural barrier and played an important role by serving the Chinese with protection. While this helped China to thrive, rivers also overflowed and caused devastation along with mountain ranges preventing cultural diffusion from happening. Both the Huang He and Yangtze rivers contributed to the success of ancient Chinese civilization. These rivers provided the Chinese with fertile soil ("Huang He"). The Huang He River was given the nickname Yellow River because of the loess sediments that the river contains ("Huang He"). As a result, a majority of the population settled along the Huang He and Yangtze river valleys (Starr). This was very vital to the Chinese culture and reflected in their social classes (Perkins 4). The second class was made up of farmers (Perkins 4). “The Chinese have always felt that the owning of land for agriculture is the basis of wealth and social prestige” (Perkins 4). The rivers also provided transportation navigable by ships (Starr 21). The Chinese used boats for travel and transportation of goods up and down the rivers (Blunden
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