Back in the 19th century women writers, such as Emily Brontë (wrote Wuthering Heights) weren’t taken seriously. So I’m glad that society has become a bit more equal in the sense of
In this essay I will discuss and analyze the social forces that influenced American women writers of the period of 1865 to 1912. I will describe the specific roles female authors played in this period and explain how the perspectives of female authors differed from their male contemporaries.
Also during this time, the Panic of 1837 occurred leaving many unemployed, therefore the number of women employed during the 19th century would have been even higher. Women at this time period worked mainly in textile and clothing factories. Although many young girls worked in factories, as shown in the letter written by a factory worker, life in a factory is much different than life at home. At first the girl questioned why factories were ever made, however, with time the working life grew on her. Also, often times women were worked much harder than the men. In the letters written by a frontier woman in Iowa in 1861, the male worker worked much less than she did. She stated that “the hired man left just as the corn planting commenced” and she was left to do the hard work. This illustrates the inequality between the two genders very well.
But now, due to the rise of the corporate office, many other opportunities had opened up. Typists, filing clerks, stenographers, and even some secretarial roles all became possibilities for these ambitious young women. All these job openings helped support a great number of young women who had fled the poverty of the countryside, which in comparison to mills or farming, was an improvement. The 1920s saw the empowerment of women, as they began to challenge the traditional ideas of women’s role in society. However, although the increase in female employment was expanding, there were very clear
Surely, she craved to write—meaning to work here—endangered her husband’s position as an authority. He would not have control any longer toward the narrator—his wife. In the 19th century upper class and middle class women were not expected to earn their own living. Women rarely had careers and most professions refused entry to women. In the middle of the 19th century it was virtually impossible for women to become doctors, engineers, architects, accountants or bankers. After a long struggle the medical profession allowed women to become doctors. It was not until 1910 that women were allowed to become accountants and bankers. However, there were still no women diplomats, barristers or judges. Women were allowed to become teachers majority of women became teaches but this was also a low paying job.
Due to the demand of labor occurring in America, industries were at a deficit in workers. This led for young women to be hired to fill the gaps of labor of the deficit. This change went against society’s perception of a woman’s role. Before industries allowed women
Paid work for women moved from principally customary female-situated employments to all the more non-conventional and already male-arranged vocations. Ladies ' support in the workforce prompted them to start careers in the field dominated by male in the 20th century. Career yearnings were affected by elements, such as sexual orientation, financial status, race, occupation and instruction level, and parental desires. This paper exhibits how women developed, changed and the challenges they faced in the 20th century in America in the workforce and the advancement of ladies ' careers, improvement and profession goals during the 20th century in United States. Also, gender issues affecting women will be discussed in details during this period and how women played their role in fighting for their rights.
The female sex was believed to have been much weaker, not as intelligent, and inferior to the male sex. This led men to believe that women were incapable of performing activities seen as masculine. Writing is one of them: “writing, reading, and thinking are not only alien but also inimical to ‘female’ characteristics” (Gilbert and Gubar). Anything that was not seen as a woman's thing automatically became for men and men alone. Due to “invention” and “creation” not being one of the few things women could do, women were believed as incapable of writing. If a woman did, somehow, succeed in writing, it was freakish and unfeminine, and often even stolen, since, after all, it was a male’s characteristic (Gilbert and Gubar). Whenever a woman would write, men would see it as an attempt to cross boundaries placed my nature. Crossing boundaries seemed to men as a rebellion against authority (men) and “[…] in patriarchal culture, female speech and female ‘presumption’ –that is, angry revolt against male domination– are inextricably linked and inevitably daemonic” (Gilbert and Gubar). Undoubtedly, the life of female writers was very risky. Like Robert Southey said, "Literature is not the business of a woman's life, and it cannot be" (Gilbert and Gubar). And yet, Shelley proved them wrong by supporting herself financially through her writing.
The literary world during this time period was dominated by men, but the world was changing, and women began to make a name for themselves as creative and legitimate writers. During the time in history women were also fighting for their rights to be heard and treated equally among men. Also, the issue of slavery was at its peak as the country became divided behind the issue, and the prospect of a civil war was becoming more of a reality.
In the late nineteenth century women were beginning to find a place in the more public spheres of life. Larger numbers of women than ever were in paid employment; by 1874 twenty percent of females over fifteen were employed. Many
In today’s society one would not be able to communicate effectively with the world if writing was not involved. People all around the world send emails, texts, and letter to numerous amounts of individuals each second. Talking on the phone is slowly becoming a thing of the past while the writing side of technology is taking over. The meaning of writing is changing in society. Writing used to be specifically for academics or the occasional letter to a loved one. As time has passed writing has taken more forms and more meanings. In the world we live in now writing is classified as texting, emailing, instant messaging, and even comments or tweets on social media. Although writing has these multiple new forms, it still holds its academic side strongly. Everything with meaning in turn affects a person’s day to day life. Writing has the effect of making one more intellectual. Writing has become a bridge between communication and the cultures and people of today’s society. It gives way for different options in stating sentences or phrases. (Olson). Each affect should change with age. As a person grows older, their writing styles should mature and take on a more professional aspect.
Although women in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries faced oppression and unequal treatment, some people strove to change common perspectives on the feminine sex. John Stuart Mill, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, and Virginia Woolf were able to reach out to the world, through their literature, and help change the views that society held towards women and their roles within its structure. During the Victorian era, women were bound to domestic roles and were very seldom allowed to seek other positions. Most men and many women felt that if women were allowed to pursue interests, outside traditional areas of placement that they would be unable to be an attentive
From Enheduanna to Jane Austen to Charlotte Bronte to J.K. Rowling. Woman have proved over and over again that the role of author and/or writer can suit females just as much as any man. Mansfield encouraged women to write and used herself as an example with her own writing to try to attract more female authors. Often, women are pictures as just people who birth babies, cook, clean, shopped and stayed around as house wives. Sometimes, they did not have a wide span of education. Even in the early 1900’s women didn’t often go to college, it wasn’t until the 1980’s that women began to attend college in equal numbers to men. Poet laureate Robert Southey said “Literature cannot be the business of a women’s life.” One of the key assumptions that Mansfield and other women modernists faced was the habit of presenting narrative fiction through male eyes and according to male values. Mansfield herself strived for everyone (not limited to just women) to do whatever they wanted. She encouraged people to break rules and branch out.
What does it m ~ an to be a woman writer in a culture whose fundamental de finiti ons f li te rary aut hority are , as we hav e seen. both overtl y and
For women, the narrator contends, "here begins the freedom of the mind," the possibility that in the course of time one will be able to write whatever one likes. With Mrs. Behn, writing by women cased to be "a sign of folly" and became an activity of practical importance. "Money dignifies what is frivolous if unpaid for" she observes, and Mrs. Behn 's success in the Seventeenth Century led to very many women earning money through writing in the Eighteenth Century.