How Hatshepsut 's Life And Reign

1896 WordsApr 3, 20178 Pages
Throughout history, there is absolutely no doubt that women, (whether they be royalty, revolutionaries, or regular citizens,) tend to be erased by the men that were recording at that time. The gender was, and still continues to be, suppressed and discriminated against. Therefore, when a powerful woman happened to be in the position where she could make a difference, she might adapt masculine tendencies and presentation. This is the case of the ancient Egyptian queen Hatshepsut, who was the second historically confirmed female pharaoh of Egypt, and the first to rule with full authority, according to The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt by Toby Wilkinson. In this paper I will explain how Hatshepsut presented herself as a pharaoh by blending…show more content…
She invoked both, claiming lineage of the Theban state god Amun-Re, and receiving the titles of Lady of the Two Lands, King of Upper and Lower Egypt, (in reference towards her ruling a unified kingdom), Hatshepsut-united-with-Amun, according to Gay Robins in The Names of Hatshepsut as King. Upon this, she also was called Hatshepsu, which is the masculine version of her original name. Scholars, looking back at this, are not shocked that she played both of these legitimacy strategies. Once again, according to Ludwig D. Morenz and Lutz Popko’s A Companion to Ancient Egypt Volume I, in Egypt only men could be kings. Between this and the fact that Thutmose was already the real king, Hatshepsut needed to prove herself worthy as much as possible, and with this came a radical image change- presenting herself as a man. This, as we will see, bleeds into the art of her at the time. Hatshepsut is not only known for being a rare woman ruler during this archaic time period, but also for the representation of her in art- blending imagery of a male king with presentations of herself as a woman. During the early years of her reign, Hatshepsut had herself portrayed in the traditional garb of a woman. However, in the seventh year of Thutmose III’s reign, the year that Hatshepsut took over, she began to be portrayed in male attire, still attempting to further her legitimacy as Egypt’s ruler. The surviving representation in art varies on this masculine and feminine

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