How Hiv/Aids Affect Population

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P O P U L A T I O N R E F E R E N C E B U R E A U HOW HIV AND AIDS AFFECT POPULATIONS by Lori S. Ashford T he AIDS epidemic is one of the most destructive health crises of modern times, ravaging families and communities throughout the world. By 2005, more than 25 million people had died and an estimated 39 million were living with HIV. An estimated 4 million people were newly infected with HIV in 2005—95 percent of them in sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, or Asia. While sub-Saharan Africa has been hardest hit, other regions also face serious HIV and AIDS by Region, 2005 Region Prevalence (% of Number of adults and children adults with HIV or AIDS)…show more content…
B R i n g i n g I n f o r m a t i o n t o D e c i s i o n m a k e r s Effect of AIDS on Child Mortality, Selected Countries, 2002–2005 Deaths of children under age 5 per 1,000 live births 123 143 Current rate Rate if no AIDS 117 78 71 74 73 78 43 43 Lesotho Namibia South Africa Swaziland Zimbabwe S O U R C E S : UN Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (2005); and UNAIDS and UNICEF, A Call to Action: Children, the Missing Face of AIDS (2005). Effects on age and sex structure AIDS-related deaths are altering the age structure of populations in severely affected countries. In developing countries with low levels of HIV and AIDS, most deaths occur among the very young and very old. But AIDS primarily strikes adults in their prime working-ages—people who were infected as adolescents or young adults—shifting the usual pattern of deaths and distorting the age structure in some countries. Because of increasingly high AIDS-mortality in southern Africa, for example, people ages 20 to 49 accounted for almost three-fifths of all deaths in that region between 2000 and 2005, up from just one-fifth of
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