How Industrialization and Urbanization at the Turn of the Century Brought Prosperity to Canada and Canadians

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At the turn of the century, Industrialization and Urbanization brought prosperity to Canada and Canadians by improving and altering their livelihoods for both positive and negative reasons. According to the authors, Industrialization and urbanization led to the growth of the economy, development of the east, west and central cities, increase of rural to urban migration, the rise of the middle class and the recognition of women in the work force. Financial Investment through banks, foreign, government and private investors led to a boost in the Canadian economy. (Francis, Jones, Smith 132). These investments accelerated industrialization and urbanization causing an influx of large banks, commercial institutions and transportation…show more content…
However, it can be argued that mechanization caused the loss of job opportunities to Canadians in rural areas because human and manual labour was replaced by machines that did twice as much work and functioned better. An example of this is the “iron chink” that replaced Asian workers (Francis, Jones, Smith 139). Due to Urbanization, a lot of Canadians were educated and trained in multiple trades according to the authors. Women were educated in factory, clerical and teaching professions while the men worked in the mines and construction. This huge step towards female recognition in the workplace was a big contrast from their previous roles of home making and taking care of domestic chores. As stated by the authors, women were eventually allowed to practice professional careers. An example of this is Emily Jennings Stowe who became the first female Canadian to set up a hospital in Toronto whilst her daughter, Augusta Stowe became the first female to receive a Canadian medical degree (Francis, Jones, Smith 158). Industrialization caused an upsurge of immigration in the urban centers leading to the acceleration of urbanization (Francis, Jones, Smith 137). However, this rapid population growth soon started to cause problems. These include the emergence of slums in highly populated centers, lack of proper sanitation, deterioration of health and the rise of prohibition evident through the number taverns,

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