How Infant Attachment Is Affected By Mother Infant Relationship

1427 Words May 3rd, 2016 6 Pages
It is no surprise that a parent’s mental health and behavior can have an effect on a developing infant’s ability to grow an attachment and a bond with said parent. This holds especially true for the bond between the mother and the infant, be it that on average the mother-infant dyad spends the most one-on-one time together comparatively. According to Raval and colleagues (2001), a parent’s state of mind influences their sensitivity in caregiving behavior, which then has an effect on the child’s attachment pattern/strategy. There are a wide variety of other factors that can have an effect on an infant’s developing attachment style, such as parental states of mind, parental attunement and attentiveness, genetic predisposition, prenatal bonding, environment, and other caregivers or siblings. To determine how infant attachment is affected by the mother-infant relationship, I will review and evaluate four different articles on the subject, as well as determine the articles’ methodological strengths and weaknesses.
Theorists have determined that there are four different infant attachment patterns: secure, avoidant, resistant, and disorganized/disoriented, each linked to a specific maternal behavior within the first year of a child’s life. (Raval et al., 2001) Secure attachment is characterized by a balance between attachment and exploration needs, paired with a mother who is consistently responsive; this leads to children who are generally explorative…
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