Hawthorne, W. B., Folsom, D. P., Sommerfeld, D. H., Lanouette, N. M., Lewis, M., Aarons, G. A., Jeste, D. V. (2012). Incarceration among adults who are in the public mental health system: Rates, risk factors, and short-term outcomes. Psychiatric Services, 63(1), 26-32. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201000505
Classification is a key management tool that helps jail staff make educated decisions about inmate housing arrangements, custody levels, staff precautions, work assignments, and program involvement. The classification process begins with interviewing the inmate to determine the security level that best suits the inmate. It determines the best and safest housing for the inmate. Classification reassesses inmates after a brief time in incarceration to determine programs and privileges for the inmate. There are many goals and benefits in classification. Classification protects inmates from one another, weaker from stronger, mentally ill from heathier inmates. It also identifies and addresses security risk like contraband traffickers, gang members, and escape risk. Inmate classification also strengthens security, effectively uses resources, provides a platform for consistent decision making, improve efficacy and effectiveness, and reduces liability for jail. Classification procedures are basically the same the inmate is asked a series of questions about their lifestyle, criminal history, current charges, and gang affiliation. The inmate is also observed for behavioral and mental health problems during the classification. Based on the outcome of the interview the inmate is temporary housed to the best needs for the facility, and the inmate. The inmate receives orientation and a
The number of people with mental illness in the criminal justice system is one of the most pressing problems facing law enforcement and corrections today (Cuellar, McReynolds, & Wasserman, 2006). The Surgeon General’s Report on Mental Health estimated that about 20% of children and adolescents in the general population have mental disorders with some degree of at least mild functional impairment (USPH, 1999). Subsequent research has found much higher rates of serious mental health problems among youth in the juvenile justice system. Among youth who have been arrested, one study found that 31% of youth had received services from the mental health system (Rosenblatt, Rosenblatt, & Biggs, 2000). Two studies of youth in juvenile detention found that between 60% and 68% met the diagnostic criteria for a mental health disorder (Teplin, Abram, McClelland, Dulcan, & Mericle, 2002; Wasserman, Ko, & McReynolds, 2004). Once youth with emotional disturbances enter the justice system, repeated arrests are common through the remainder of childhood and into adulthood. Recidivism rates for individuals with a serious mental illness are nearly double those in the general population (Baillargeon, Binswanger, Penn, Williams, & Murray, 2009; Constantine, Petrila, Andel, Givens, Becker et al., 2010). In an analysis of juvenile trajectories, youth with emotional disturbances in their late adolescent years were more likely to fall into the high arrest trajectory class and much
Jail diversion is a mental health platform explicitly premeditated to isolate and divert individuals with mental health, substance abuse disorders or both from the criminal justice system into a need-specific treatment in the mental health system. Specifically, the program provides linkages to community-based treatment and support services to assist the individual in reducing deviant behavior. For this reason, the individuals avoid arrests and spend a lesser period in jail. The effectiveness of the diversion program relies on various activities that involve the identification of the target group and a proper integration of the victim into the program. While there are many different types of jail diversion programs the accessibility to jail diversion programs are limited, due to the strict qualification guidelines set. In addition, the availability of appropriate mental health professionals is paramount to the efficiency of the program. It is a common belief that linking mentally ill offenders to Community-Based Services decrease their chances of recidivism and contact with security officers (Sirotich, 2009).
According to a 2006 Bureau of Justice Statistics report found that over half of the inmates in both prisons and in jails had a problem concerning their mental health (James & Glaze, 2006). The estimates in this report were separated by federal prisons, which contained 45 percent of inmates suffering from mental illness, 56 percent in state prisons, and
After doing much research, I have learned that to develop awareness and interventions to be able to help the homeless population, we must understand their mental health and behavioral needs. The information they all share in common are the factors why a specific type of population became homeless. The interrelation of homelessness and mental illness are informed by many factors such as; the lack of support, extreme poverty, substance abuse, lack of affordable health insurance, and lack of affordable housing. The homeless population shares different struggles when dealing with homelessness and mental illnesses because there are not enough resources for them to be able to come back to their normal self. When it comes to their struggles, they
Prison reports have many purposes as their feed backs are taken into consideration most of the time. The purposes of prison reports are mainly to detect the situations in prison and how much of an impact it has on the prisoners within the prison. To some extent it may be noticed that prison reports don’t have many impacts on the prison. Prison reports comprehends many recommendations and most of them are not given enough thoughts to it,.
The United States has the highest rate of adult incarceration among the developed countries, with 2.2 million in jails and prisons. A recent study by the U.S. Department of Justice found that more than half of all prisons and jail inmates have a mental health problem compared to 11 percent of the general population, yet only one of three prison inmates and one in six jail inmates receive any form of mental health treatment. Those with mental disorders have been increasingly incarcerated during the past three decades. The treatment of severally mentally ill offenders has become an increasingly important and urgent issue because
Mental illness is a problem that occurs in all nations around the world. This is even more true for the populations in correctional facilities for both men and women. The overwhelming number of persons in correctional facilities with health issues is caused by: the rational that people with mental health disorders are a threat to society; narrow mindedness and low tolerance for people who are different from us; no resources to acquire the proper care needed. These mental health problems may have occurred prior to incarceration, and may nurtured further by the stressful environment of prisons, or they may have also been caused by being incarcerated in the first place in addition to other prior issues. Correctional facilities is not the place for the mentally ill, instead they should be treated for there illnesses. The purpose of this paper is to depict both the problem of inmates with mental health disorders in correctional facilities and the challenges faced by correctional staff. Secondly, denote possible interventions (treatment) for inmates with mental health issues. Next, support this information with studies about mental health in correctional facilities. Lastly, offer reasons it is important to combat the problem of mental illness in correctional facilities in order to better serve their well being needs.
How the author used these concepts were with intense interviews with homeless individuals who have a mental illness, and randomized surveys with 231 different diverse cultures. They studied 36 in depth interviews with homeless people in order to understand how they live life. The surveys where used in order to get a broader spectrum for the discrimination in the diverse aspect.
The background classification report was developed and established as guidelines and best practices that can be used by the case management staff to appraise the inmate. In addition it’s designed to separate violent inmates from non-violent inmates and reduce potential victims, as well as to control security at the prisons (Gaes & Camp, 2009, p. 155). By using the classification report it allows a comprehensive assessment based on criteria such as age, sex, social history, criminal sophistication, prior history of violence or violent behavior, special needs, such as mental or medical, security encounters, such a risk of escape, gangs, special management, and institutional capacity, availability, security (Carlson & Garrett, 2008, p. 75). In preparing for the initial classification report it should be remembered that many times unless the inmate is a re-offended this is the first contact between the case managers and the
I think your assessment instrument is a very good choice for inmates. Nevertheless, this assessment has advantages as it measures risk and assessment. In addition, it is also a type of instrument that will include validity and reliability for accuracy, while allowing the flexibility to correlate with both experienced staff judgment and other recognized tests. The assessment results of this type of assessment are taken directly from the input from the inmate; therefore, the information cannot be overlooked or interpreted into something other than how the results are scored. Furthermore, with theses type of results in can aid the inmate in future assistance in mental health counseling. This particular assessment can also assist society with
al., p. 390). Thus this research study being done fills a gap to the existing knowledge and will hopefully provide better treatment options for incarcerated women with mental illness. The use of direct quotes was minimal throughout the article. The research problem has significance to nursing, however this was not made very clear in the article.
This ensures, but does not always guarantee the safety of inmates as well as the officers and treatment staff. Furthermore, by pre-classifying mentally ill inmates it can prevent future problems between the inmates and correctional personnel (Carlson, Peter M. Prison and Jail Administration, third edition. 2015. Part V; Mental Health pg 149-162. pg 152). When considering the standing of inmates and mental illnesses, the chance for a strong-minded inmate to develop a mental health problem is always there. Being incarcerated can bring about different problems for inmates; such as stressors from legal issues, being confined, to not being able to see and interact with family members. Being incarcerated often interrupts and affects individuals sleep cycles as well as dietary changes. These two factors alone can change the mental stability for not only an inmate but a free citizen as well. All the above stated issues put together can cause trouble internally for an inmate and there needs to be adequate counseling and healthy outlets for inmates (Carlson, Peter M. Prison and Jail Administration, third edition. 2015. Part V; Mental Health pg 149-162. pg. 155). These outlets need to proper programs (drug/mental, etc.), education/vocational opportunities and recreational activities. When an inmate is presented with the skills to succeed along with