In a matter of eleven years, Alexander the Great rode more than 10,000 miles and fought 70 battles without losing a single one – he conquered from Egypt to India. His accomplishments were made possible by his father, Philip of Macedon. “Philip took advantage of the fact that the Greek city-states were divided by years of squabbling and infighting. Philip succeeded in doing what years of fighting between city-states had not done. He united Greece.”
For centuries, Alexander the Great has held an eminent place in history. Arguably one of the greatest men the world has ever known, the Macedonian King accomplished many great feats in his short, but glorious life. During his reign, Alexander played several roles in the process of conquering the Persian empire, and in the assessment of his character, aspects of Alexander's capabilities of both strengths and weaknesses must be explored in him as a person, a statesman and a leader.
In his short, yet astonishing career, Alexander managed to defeat the Persian empire, a superpower forty-two times the size of the united Greece he led. There is no controversy about Alexander’s military genius and Burn says ‘no soldier in history is more indisputably “great” than Alexander.” He started, of course, with the advantage of Philip 's army and he did have a number of reverses, such as the march through the Gedrosian Desert. His genius, however, is apparent in every aspect of warfare and in every military undertaking between those of the Granicus and Hydaspes River. He was able to modify and adapt his tactics to suit each
Alexander never wasted time. He always arrived before his enemies expected. His men followed him for more than 21,000 miles because they believed he had their best interests in mind. They always counted on him to lead them to victory after victory and he never failed. On the basis of military conquest, contemporary historians and especially those writing in Roman times who measured success by the number of human bodies left on the battlefield deemed him ‘great’.
Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III of Macedon, was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in 356 BC and was handed down his reign when his father, Phillip II was murdered in 336 BC by his bodyguard. His father was out most of the time trying to extend his kingdom therefore Alexander was left with his mother, Olympias, who was very emotionally close to her son and had a tendency to spoil him. Alexander was handed down a trained, strong and powerful army with excellent generals at the age of 20. Alexander fought and led his army through over 20 campaigns and battles, to never be defeated. He reigned Macedonia from 336-323 BC and died in Babylon in 323 BC, from a fever. His leadership and inquisitiveness led to him building a reputation to spark his greatness. It was to a significant extent that Alexander earned his title 'great' for a wide range of reasons including; how he ruled as a King and how he acted as an individual, how he led his army and how he performed academically.
Great men have lived on the face of the earth and left marks of their prowess and legacy that men of the present and even the future find it hard to emulate; a good example of such men is Alexander the Great. This paper seeks to explain further Alexander’s military genius and its positive impact on military impact over the past centuries. The paper also gives a well thought analysis why Alexander was so much successful in his wars and conquests. His big empire spread all the way from Gibraltar to the Punjab and in his leadership made Greek the lingua franca of his new World (Cary, M, 1932).
Alexander the Great (356-323B.C.) was one of the greatest warrior leaders of the ancient world. As the son of Philip II of Macedon (382-336B.C.), he acquired his father’s sizeable empire following his father’s assassination. Though Alexander was only 21 at his succession of Philip’s empire, he commanded authority among older generals, and gained respect from his peers as a leader.His strategies, the overall designs of achieving success in battle, combined with his tactics, the individual movements in battle, demonstrated his brilliant understanding of the operational level of war (the level above the tactics of the battlefield but below the strategy of the entire war ). By the end of his reign, Alexander had established an empire that included the Persian Empire, and stretched over 3,000 miles from Western Greece to modern day eastern Pakistan and northern India. Alexander the Great’s insight and understanding of the operational level of war is what made him a military genius.
One point of evidence that Alexander was great was he was a military strategist. For example, “When Alexander saw this, he moved his troops in all different directions so that porus would keep puzzled.¨(Doc. B) He used different strategy to keep his
After Alexander the Great’s father was killed, Alexander was forced to assume his role as king of Macedonia. Enemies of his empire thought this would be a perfect time to strike the Macedonian Empire but Alexander was prepared, taught by great military minds he was able to create one of the largest empires of the ancient world.
Through many history books and writings, many historians write about Phillip III, or most commonly known as Alexander the Great. Maybe because of how successful he was or maybe just because of how he had such a major impact in history. They tend to focus on the advantages he created, and the success Alexander the Great had as a leader not just in the military aspect of his reign, but also as a leader in the political side. The history shows the impacts and changes brought from the military, from which Alexander the Great lead, and the spreading of Greek culture he influenced through the areas he conquered. As Alexander the Great dedicated his life to further advancing his power, the world would never be same at the time for surrounding villages and empires that tried to defend their land against Alexander the Great with his army and allies.
Alexander the Great and Darius battle demonstrates to us that bigger is not always better. Alexander was more engaged in having a plan to win the battle, and Darius just wanted to fight and win. The great thinking of Alexander helped him win this battle. Alexander knew that he should not push all his soldiers out at the same time. Alexander trained his soldiers well, they knew where to be, and when to strike. In order for Alexander and the soldiers to be successful, they first had to be discipline and have the confidence in Alexander their leader. Alexander was sure that his soldiers could defeat their enemy because he used strategic planning. Alexander guided his men by giving them direction, and he made the decisions that would have his
Alexander had remarkable ability, and so was great in many different ways. On top of doing great things, Alexander was a great leader, and a political and military genius. His goal to conquer Persia was one that he would let nothing stand in the way of. As leader of his troops, he suffered their same wounds, being one of the last great leaders to personally take the risk of death in battle. Alexander listened to every man he had, and so became very close to his men. Some argue his ability in motivating and inspiring his men was in fact the greatest ever seen, half-defeating the opposition in nerves before a battle began. He was also remarkable with military tactics, employing strategies still used today. As the Encarta Encyclopedia put it: "Alexander was one of the greatest generals of all time, noted for his brilliance as a tactician and troop leader and for the rapidity with which he could traverse great expanses..." He succeeded politically as well, earning respect from many people. Alexander's charisma and adoption of Persian customs gave him strong loyalty needed in order to control his massive empire. However, the greatness in his work here is questionable: often he used brutal force, sometimes killing thousands of civilians, or selling them into slavery. But overall, Alexander must be seen as great man in terms of a leader and a military commander.
In the decade that Alexander the Great was alive he had heavily impacted the world, and if what Alexander the Great did was bad or good all depends on what point of view you are coming from. Alexander the Great or Alexander ||| was born 356 B.C. Alexander the Great spent 13 years with a goal of conquering all of the known world back then. When Alexander the Great was 19 years old his father was murdered, and Alexander the Great said: “that he was going to take his father’s place and would do anything to accomplish it.” He then quickly gathered an army. After Alexander the Great and his army and him went to go and kill anyone that was in an attempt of taking his father's throne. After they finished that his army had made Alexander the Great
Occasionally history shows that the world does not have many people that could be entered in the history. And Alexander the Great was one of these people. During his childhood Alexander had great teachers who taught him how to use and how to choose great politics, diplomacy and, how to win the war if that day would come. For many years Alexander the Great studied how to control everything and how to be ready to do anything that might be needed. At the age of sixteen he had to become a king of big kingdom, because his father, Philip, was in the war with Byzantium. Many people believed in Alexander because they knew that he was different from other children in his age, he did not care about bodily pleasures or anything like that, however, he had infinitely ambition which created him a good leader. Alexander strengthened his position in the power, he tamed people that were trying to make a revolution to take power in their hands. To get support from wealthy and other people in Alexander’s kingdom, he canceled taxes, and killed other people that might claim for the king’s position. Alexander was a great leader, and had plans to enter the war not only with some kingdoms, but to capture and control all kingdoms and all lands, to have the great power without a trace.
Alexander`s military expertise was introduced when he commanded the left wing in the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 B.C.E. In 336, in the result of Philip II death Alexander inherited his title of king of Macedon. After titled king Alexander got rid of all threats to his throne. When chosen king of Macedon he did not acquire command of the Corinthian League immediately. Athens and southern Greek states planned to lead the league under Demosthenes. Instantly showing leader-like qualities the League entrusted Alexander with absolute powers to campaign against Persia. He lacked wealth, so needed the riches of Persia to be able to maintain the force assembled by Philip. They crossed Asia Minor and sacked cities to gain wealth. After he freed a Greek