How Lifestyle Changes Have Disturbed The Homoeostasis Of Human Body

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This essay discusses as to how lifestyle changes have disturbed the homoeostasis of the human body to cause chronic diseases such as diabetes. It explains the way medical science is applied to manage the diabetes and what advancements have been made over the years. It also discusses the economic and social implications of diabetes. It concludes that while modern lifestyle has disturbed the homoeostasis of the human body, advancements in medical science has helped manage the illnesses, while failing to cure it completely.

Homoeostasis is a process which maintains balance in the human body 's internal environment in response to changes in the external environment. Which means different systems coordinate and work together to maintain a
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Diabetes is a disease caused by homoeostatic imbalance where endocrine system cannot naturally maintain the right blood glucose level. Diabetes represents a defect in metabolism or an inability to use and store energy correctly. People have trouble regulating their blood glucose levels. There are two main forms of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes. Type I diabetes is also referred to as juvenile-onset or more commonly insulin-dependent diabetes. In this disease, the immune system all of a sudden attacks and permanently destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. While in Type 2 diabetes, internal balance gets disrupted either because the body is not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body are not responding to the insulin.

While genetics are the primary cause of Type 1 diabetes also called 'mature onset ', Type II diabetes is caused by poor lifestyle choices. Type 2 diabetes is also normally called “Mature Onset” as it is commonly diagnosed in people over the age of 45. With the obesity levels growing in western nations including Australia, the incidents of teen age and children developing type 2 diabetes has also become more frequent. The bodies of the diabetic persons do not produce enough insulin to regulate the blood sugar level.
Glucose is the primary source of energy for the cells in our bodies, but it 's too big to distribute into the cells alone. Alternatively, it needs to be transported into the cells. Insulin is a hormone
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