How Memories Create Distorted Experiences

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Several early studies of memory explain how memories tend to create distorted accounts of previous experiences. Bartlett's 1932 study showed how schemas can generalize information, eliminating several details that make up the whole event. In his study, he used the method of serial reproduction to recreate an old Native American folktale, altering the story with each repetition. This experiment suggested that memory is not an identical reproduction of an experience, but a combination of actual events with already existing schema. This connects with eye witness testimony in that memories can be distorted, changed to support what makes sense to the witness, therefore leading to the questioning of reliability in
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