How Nurses Can Support Women During Medication Trials

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Throughout history many population groups have been excluded from drugs trials. The populations include elderly, African Americans, women, pregnant women, and children. Because they have been excluded we do not know the side effects of many medications that are giving to this population. This paper will concentrate on the history, what is being done currently, what are the plans in the future and how nurses can support women in medication trials. History Until recently, very little drug testing was done to women in childbearing years (Burchum & Rosenthal, 2016). This is due in part to the drug, thalidomide, women took to prevent early miscarriages. The drug caused 100,000 birth defects worldwide (FDA, 2001). Unfortunately in 1977, the FDA took this concern to the extreme and barred all women of childbearing age from phase 1 and phase 2 trials even if the woman was not pregnant (Burchum & Rosenthal, 2016). Because of the limited testing on women there was no way to know how women would respond to most drugs. There was no way to know if the drugs would have the same benefits or adverse effects as they did in men. We had no idea how the drug would be affected by the menstrual cycle. (Burchum & Rosenthal, 2016). In the 1990’s, the FDA revoked the 1977 guidelines that barred women from most drug trials (Burchum & Rosenthal, 2016). They also issued a series of guidelines mandating the participation of women and other minorities in trials of new drugs. In 1994 the Food
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