How Nurses Help Meet Fall Risk Standards

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The nursing process: How nurses help meet fall risk standards Jillian Clark, Jennifer Cowan, Melissa Stultz, Haleigh Svoboda, Ashlene Sharma, Stephon Lampkins, Basil Singh, Shardae Williams, Donshaneice Brown, Eli Polinard, and Latisha Griffin College of the Mainland The nursing process: How nurses help meet fall risk standards Each year, one out of three elderly people fall (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). The CDC (2015) also reports that once an individual has fallen, the chance that they will fall again doubles. Falls also contribute to an increase in direct medical costs. The CDC (2015) states, “Direct medical costs for fall injuries are thirty-four billion dollars annually. Hospital costs account for two-thirds of the total.” The amount of elderly people who fall each year along with the economic costs that result from falls indicates that preventing patient falls remains an important goal for healthcare workers including nurses. Nurses can use the nursing process—assessment, diagnosis, planning, intervention, and evaluation—to prevent patient falls and meet the fall prevention standards set by various regulating bodies. Before exploring the nurse’s role in fall prevention, one must first understand the risk factors for falls, the consequences of patient falls, and the organizations that influence how hospitals and long-term care facilities report falls. Although falls can occur to anyone at any time, a few factors increase the
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