How Osteogenesis Imperfecta Is A Disease That Effects Children

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta, also known as Brittle Bone Disease, is a disease that effects bones and joints. Osteogenesis Imperfecta is a disease that effects child, and most often children are born with this disease. In some cases the disease may take a couple years to show symptoms, but more often than not the disease is recognized when the child is born. “Osteogenesis Imperfecta is caused by a defect in the gene which produces collagen 1, an important building block of bone” (Osteogenesis). The bones are very fragile, and often times break when touched or moved. The severity of the disease depends on which portion of the gene is affected. If a child is lucky, the disease may only affect a small portion of the gene, which would make the…show more content…
While a cure has not yet been found for Osteogenesis Imperfecta, many treatments have been discovered. Therapy is always a great option because it can help the child strengthen his or her bones and help stretch any sore joints. Doing exercises that are not so demanding on the body, such as swimming, is a great idea as well. “Bisphosphonates are drugs that increase strength and density of bones and reduce pain and fracture rate” (Osteogenesis). Bisphosphonates have been known to be very effective and greatly improve the disease, making the life of one with Osteogenesis Imperfecta much better. Metal rods have also been used to help support the bones. Surgery may also be necessary to repair any deformities to allow the person to be able to function better and with less pain. These types of treatments can be very successful for one with a not so severe case of Osteogenesis Imperfecta, however someone with a more severe case may find it difficult to treat the disease. According to Medline Plus, Type I Osteogenesis Imperfecta is the mildest type and it is easiest to live with (Osteogenesis). Treatments such as physical therapy and bisphosphonates will help treat this type, and one with this type will have a normal life expectancy. Type II is the most severe case. “With Type II Osteogenesis Imperfecta a child will most likely die within the first year of being born” (Osteogenesis). Type III is more severe than Type I, many fractures
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