How Personality Traits and Leadership Styles Influence Organizational Leadership

1288 Words6 Pages
Introduction of findings Researchers correlate effective organizational leadership with certain characteristics. McHugh (2009) stated that “there may be no other feature of American life that contains as much bias toward extroversion as leadership.” This means that debate still exists whether or not introverts may be effective as leaders compared to extroverts. Some researches would argue that introverts are more reserved and prefer to work alone without the aid of anyone else. Introverts are also believed to appear helpless and have a tendency to be submissive (Costa & McCrae, 1992, as cited in Bernerth, Armenakis, Field, Giles, & Walker, 2007). Furthermore, because of an introvert’s desire for independence, this would indicate that…show more content…
This, on turn, makes a transformational leader a more efficient and effective leader (Felfe, Tartler, & Liepmann, 2004; Schiro, 1999). Although there has been much research on personalities and leadership with an emphasis on extroversion, the trend is changing. More developments are proving that effective leaders need not be extroverts (McHugh, 2009). This means that organizations are using other methods in search of their next transformational leader. The findings will indicate that as times are changing, so are our expectations and outcomes. A different kind of leader is emerging.
Personality Traits Studies have been done that resulted in the development of several different personality tests that would indicate a person’s primary traits and characteristics. Jung’s work on psychological types based a person’s personality on eight different preferences. Myers and Briggs further developed Jung’s work and developed a combination of these preferences resulting in 16 different personality types that would indicate how a person perceives themselves and their awareness of other things, people or ideas. These preferences include orientations of energy (extroversion, E and introversion, I), processes of perception (sensing, S and intuition, N), processes of judging (thinking, T and feeling, F) and attitudes towards dealing with the outside world (perceiving, P and judging, J) (as cited in Hautala, 2006). Another common test
Get Access