How Play Is The Primary Context Of Children

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Play is the primary context in which children express themselves and build their emergent social communicative skills, as well as social competence and emotional skills such as emotional regulation, expression and understanding. It is an important topic of research because of the recent curriculum focusing more on academic skills in early childhood classrooms. That is why, questions rose about the developmental benefits of play. As Piaget (1962), Schwartzman (1978) and Vygotsky (1978) suggested children’s play has been conceptualized in terms of creativity, adaptation, exploration, learning, experimentation, socialization, communication, acculturation and mastery. From a social constructivist perspective, play enables children to develop,…show more content…
Social competence consists of self-regulation, self-efficacy, and positive relationships with adults and peer. Positive relationships are important because they are built upon solid language development that fostered children’s abilities to understand and comply with the behavioral expectations of the school environment. Dennis & Stockall (2015) found out that social competence and social communication development can be concurrently supported through intentional thought and playing on the part of the early childhood special educator. Further research done by Anderson (2002) suggested that play can advance a child’s ability to develop purposeful, goal-directed behavior or executive functioning. Those findings supported the thought that social competence is advanced through play. In sum, play advanced the social skills by improving self-efficacy, self-regulation and positive relationships with peers and with others. Besides that it affected formation of purposeful and goal-directed behavior. Thus, it improved social competence in a major way and it influenced children’s social relationships. Second of all, play had also been seen as affective in development of social understanding. Social understanding consisted of cognitive abilities such as the thoughts, beliefs, emotions and comprehension of desires as well as socio-emotional skills such as perspective taking, empathy and positive social
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