John F. Kennedy was one of the most influential presidents ever; The decisions he made during the Cold War evaded the chance of a nuclear holocaust during his presidency. His had to make many life changing choices during his presidency. Many of them could have extreme impacts on the public 's opinion of him, the American economy would be affected. And the war with the Soviets was extremely costly to create new technology to protect ourselves. John F. Kennedy influence on the American people was profound, and his decisive actions changed history during the Cold War.
President Harry Truman and President Dwight D. Eisenhower were each president during the Cold War. Harry Truman became president during the end of World War II in 1945. His final term ended in 1953. Dwight Eisenhower became president in the midst of the Cold war in 1953 and his last term ended on 1961. Truman was Democratic and Eisenhower was Republican. They each had many occasions when their policies had similar intentions, but they went about them differently. Each wanted to end the fighting and to limit the spread of communism. They each also wanted to help strengthen other parts of the world. They tried to achieve these issues by enacting foreign policies in military, political and economic situations.
During presidencies, Eisenhower and Truman both struggles on how they would end the cold war around the globe. They had high expectations on how they would prevent the war in crippled Europe using America‘s foreign policy.
During the cold war, containment was the first major policy in order to prevent the spread of communism in Europe and some parts of Asia. This began postwar, when the Soviet Union decided to extend communism to more countries. There were two blocs, one democratic, the other republican which had an impact on the Cuban Missile Crisis, Korean War, and Berlin Aircraft. These examples show the United states got involved and how containment was effective during these times.
The Cold War is known as being one of the most intense ideological debates in American history. This war consisted of the United States being involved in an ongoing rivalry with the Soviet Union, with Berlin, Korea, and Cuba being involved as well (Background Essay). By the end of 1947 the war was beginning, which was almost immediately after World War II had ended in 1945. The differing beliefs of communism between the U.S. and Soviet Union's leaders, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin, was what sparked tension between the two, thus, leading them to commence a fervent clash of ideologies (Background Essay). There are three good examples of containment which help explain what it was and how the U.S. contained it. These were the Berlin Airlift,
Eisenhower. One of his greatest strategies when it came to dealing with communism was called “brinkmanship.” According to Ayer’s book, this was when the U.S. would make threats that were dangerous enough to get results without actually having to follow through. In other words, going to the “brink” of war. Eisenhower expressed multiple times in his Eisenhower Doctrine, given on the 5th of January, 1957, that he was ready and willing to give economic aid to any democratic country that needed it. He said that the same went for military aid and military use (Eisenhower). He was possibly the most willing to take immediate action out of the three of these presidents. There were even times when he considered something called “massive retaliation” which, according to American Anthems, was when the U.S. responded to a problem with a force of a much greater magnitude. Eisenhower was also the creator of the Domino Theory, which stated that a political event that happens in one country will affect many other countries (Ayers). Eisenhower demonstrated great power while combating communism, but the U.S.A. would be changing again
Both President Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon were presidents during the cold war. Their uses of presidential power within foreign policy greatly shaped the United State’s strategies in cold war politics. Comparing their actions as Chief Diplomat, Chief Legislator, Chief Executive and Commander in Chief shows how they have used both their formal and informal powers to lead the nation. President Eisenhower was much more successful in gaining congress approval through working with them yet had much more trouble dealing with peace abroad. Nixon was able to use powers to make successful gains within the cold war abroad, yet had trouble
The 46 year struggle known as the Cold War all started over a disagreement at Potsdam. Stalin refused to allow what the Allies wanted. They wanted to give free election to countries in easter Europe like Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. All these countries became satellite rates controlled by the Soviet Union. This made Truman believe that Stalin was planning to conquer the world and that the former alliance was falling apart. This turned into a battle between Communism and Democracy. Throughout almost all of the Cold War the United States adopted a foreign policy called “containment”.The United States contained Communism in Berlin, Korea, and Cuba by not allowing the Soviet Union to gain anymore land or power.
During the cold war was an period of time were the United states and the Soviet union did not agree on things, like communism. The policy of containment was when the United states tried different things and many strategies to stop the spread of communism (Ayers 819).
The Cold War was a significant time for the United States and the Soviet Union, while the rest of the world watched intently. Although no actual war took place, both of these powerful countries did their best to promote their political and ideological ideas while trying to gain some ground in the seemingly never ending arms race. This war was driven by both fear and the strive to become the strongest and most powerful country. During the time of the Cold War, the United States proved to be a strong influence over Canada. Given its location, it was obvious as to which side Canada was on. While Canada believed in the same ideologies as the US, this nation was still reluctant to fully emerge themselves into the hysteria that had been emerging in the US. However, even though Canada had just received world recognition for its contribution during the Second World War, this large yet acutely populated country had much still to prove. During this time, Canada just recently became a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). But while Canada was making huge steps in their peacekeeping and military growth, there were still rumours of espionage circling the country.
After World War II, Soviet Union expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled America’s fears of Russia controlling the world. The United States had been aware of Soviet communism and became concerned about the safety of the country. From then on, the USSR and the United States competed in an arms race, starting with military buildups. This became known as the Cold War and was an international power struggle for both nations. For about forty-five years, the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union took place. During this conflict, the two nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield, but deadly threats were traded for years. The president at the time, Ronald Reagan, used U.S. policy and diplomacy to attempt
Through Truman’s view he had requested permission to hold the line against the communist. When he had achieved that the US continued to move along the North Koreas border. Eisenhower was elected as president and made a good pledge to end the war. Kennedy entered the White House and created an alternative to Eisenhower’s policy of Massive Retaliation (Chapter 25, 10). Kennedy’s plans had failed when trying to move onto completing the operation. Nixon had sent out to ease tension with the communist after becoming president. His goal was not to win the war, but to manage the Cold War. When Carter became president the Cold War had already ended. Carter choose to deal with nations of Latin America and promised to defend human rights. Reagan had
1. Truman’s Policy of Containment was that the U.S. would work to stop the spread of communism by providing political, economic, and military assistance to all democratic nations under the threat of communism or any external authoritarian forces. The political aspect of this policy was the alliances made during the Cold War. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was a defensive alliance among the U.S. and other European countries against the Soviet Union. This alliance still exists today. The Warsaw Pact was a defensive alliance that included the Soviet Union and its satellite governments in Eastern Europe. These alliances assured that if one country was attacked, then the others must react by coming to the defense.
During the Cold War from 1946 to 1990 the United States had formed a policy called the containment policy which was adopted by President Harry Truman. The containment policy was a doctrine uniting military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to turn back communism and to insure that America would hold the leading role in world affairs.