How The Autonomy Of Journalists Are Affected During War Times

1675 Words7 Pages
Title-How the autonomy of journalists are affected during war times and the power struggle related to media coverage.
New technology During the 1990s, the creation of advanced news-gathering equipment, the apparent growth of the 24-hour news channel, the increase of transnational media organizations and the spread of the internet platforms suggests the arrival of a more pluralized public sphere. The overall effect of these technological developments, according to many analysts, was a reduction in government control over information and a news media that was likely to be more aggressive and ‘off-message’. Within the media analyst Hoskins review titled “War and Media” he states that new technology, rather than empowering media and deepening
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An example is Charles Jaco’s report for CNN in 1991: ‘Air raid sirens are going off all over the city, we’re being told to abandon this position immediately.’ As media networks compete to provide the most ‘live’ and intense coverage, the reporter’s expertise as commentator is valued above detailed and retrospective analysis. Hoskins states that the emphasis on the present or recent past only increased with the sheer number of journalists, also allowing for the embedding of many media networks and their ability to broadcast live pictures simultaneously the using split frames and multiple windows on-screen, may serve to prevent channel switching, but works against a coherent understanding of war.
Hoskins also uses a type of frame analysis to demonstrate how the ‘media template’ of Vietnam was used during the 1991 Gulf War, which then itself became the template for the 2003 Iraq War. He points out that governments and military were concerned not only that this would ‘be another Vietnam’ but that it would also look like another Vietnam. This picks up his earlier point on ‘new memory’: their review of Vietnam over the years guiding the military in their continuing mistrust of the media and in occurring policies of management. Hoskins challenges the idea that news
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