One of the biome which I found interesting was the Amazon rainforest. The Amazon Rainforest is region which is owned by more than 1 country because of its land mass. It is actually owned by 9 nations. This biome is situated in the amazon basin of South Africa. The Amazon Rainforest covers 5,500,000 km2 (2,123,562 sq mi) of total 7000000 km2 of the Amazon basin. This particular rainforest cover more than 50% of the world rainforest biome. So as to understand this particular rainforest biome better, I am going to talk about the Brazil part of the rainforest as it owns 60% of the rainforest. I found this particular
Today, the total percentage of forest cover of the earth is approximately thirty percent (“Deforestation”). That is about nine percent of the world’s total surface. The largest rainforest is the Amazon River Basin, located in South America. The Amazon is home to many species of animals, insects, plants and trees. Many of the trees and plants in the Amazon produce about twenty percent of the oxygen on earth, and absorb carbon. However, the Amazon is decreasing in size every day due to the ongoing deforestation of the land. Deforestation is when the forest of the land are cleared or destroyed, in order to be used for other actions (“Deforestation”). The Amazon is twenty percent less than it was about forty years ago (Wallace). In just about
During the past 30 years, deforestation in the Amazon has been a huge problem. The Amazon Rainforest is home to an estimated one-third of all known animal species and makes up about half of the world’s rainforests. The reasons for the deforestation is to expand pastures for cattle production, and fields to grow soybeans. ("Brazil Geography-Introduction." N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2016.)
The Amazon rainforest the largest tropical area in the world, a vast and humid area where thousands of species of mammals, fish and insects have been unidentified by human; thus being the largest rainforest in the world, it is also the largest area of deforestation where football fields after fields are taken down a minute. The Amazon Deforestation being a growing issue amongst society in this generation can be prominently analyzed from the commodities derived from logging; to the negativity it can cause the environment as a result of erosion.
When the majority of the population is exposed to the words, “the Amazon”, through some form of written or spoken communications, most likely their initial, instinctive response is to visualize the Amazon rainforest as it is portrayed by a staggering amount of both past and present media outlets. This portrayal tends to be one consisting of a vibrantly colored rainforest, brimming with an abundance of diverse and exotic flora and fauna, and, a thriving and well-balanced collection of ecosystems which is, frankly, not even remotely accurate to the actual Amazon rainforest. Behind its deceptive facade endorsed by television, books, and occasionally even news, the Amazon rainforest occupies many dark truths relevant to degradation of the state of the earth’s various ecosystems and environments. Over the last several decades the Amazon has undergone numerous dramatic and, in fact, damaging changes all of which have been attributed to the area’s extensive deforestation.
The Amazon River Basin is named as one of the 7 wonders of nature. It covers nearly 2,700,000 square miles. There are eight countries that fall within the border of the Amazon River Basin; they are Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Suriname, and Guiana. The Amazon rainforest covers 2,100,000 of those miles. To give you a greater sense of the size, the rainforest is about the size of the United States. It is estimated to have 16,000 tree species and 30 percent of the world’s species found there, and over 90% of the animal species in the Amazon are insects. The Amazon rainforest is one of Earth's last refuges for jaguars, harpy eagles and pink dolphins, and home to thousands of birds and butterflies. Tree-dwelling species include southern two-toed sloths, pygmy marmosets, saddleback and emperor tamarins, and Goeldi's monkeys. (World Wildlife Fund. n.d.) We do know there are 40,000 plant species, and 3,000 freshwater fish species and more than 370 types of reptiles. But people live there too, it’s estimated that 20 million people live in the rainforest. (World Wildlife Fund. n.d.)
The Atlantic forest is also highly affected with deforestation, as most of the forest is gone. Little deforestation had occurred in Brazil’s Amazon before the 1970s, after 1970 the rate of deforestation increased significantly and about 12.5 million hectares of Amazonian land was deforested by 1980 (Moran, 1). “According to the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (BNIS), by August 2007, the deforested area in the Brazilian Legal Amazon reached 700 thousand square km, which represent 14% of its geographic area”(Araujo et al). The geographic distribution of deforestation among the Amazon states has been unequal. Through 1988 to 2007, deforestation was concentrated in the northern areas of the state of Mato Grosso and the southern areas of Para and Rondonia. These three states are respectively responsible for 36%, 32% and 14% of total deforestation in the Legal Amazon. Brazil’s Trans-Amazonian Highway is another huge project that has increased the rate of deforestation throughout the Amazon Forest. Many other highways and projects has destroyed a great deal trees in Brazil. Other factors and projects also caused increased forest loss like the hydroelectric projects have flooded vast areas of Amazon rainforests. Especially, the Balbina dam flooded almost 2,400 square kilometers of rainforests whine was
The Amazon is not only the last remaining rainforest in the World but is also one of the most important biomes for global human-well being (Bonan, 2008; Fearnside, 2008). The biome belongs to nine countries, including Ecuador (Reference). The Ecuadorian Amazon region has been considered as one of the most well preserved areas in the Western Hemisphere (Bass et al., 2010; Finer et al., 2008; Finer et al., 2009; Larrea et al., 2012). In particular the South-Central area (i.e. Yasuní National Park), which is situated in an extraordinary location along the Equator where the Andes and the Amazon meet, is one of the leading biodiversity hotspots in the World (Bass et al., 2010).
Tropical Rain Forests are the biomes with most biodiversity; the Amazon Rain Forest is the largest rain forest in world and the most important. The Amazon Rain Forest stretches from the Andes Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean. The rain forest goes into eight countries including Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, and Colombia. (World Book) The Amazon has very unique climate, biodiversity, and limiting factors.
Andre Bartsch. "Problems in the Amazon." WWF Global. World Wild Fund for Nature, 2015. Web. 17 September 2015.
The South American country of Brazil is well-known for its biodiversity and wealth of natural resources. The Amazon River and rainforest are located in Brazil, a country with more than 800,000 square miles of coastline, and a landmass so large that its borders touch all but two of its neighboring countries (Rich, 1999). The Amazon rainforest is the world's largest tropical rainforest, and for purposes of comparison, "its size is equivalent to one-half of the entire United States" (Rich, 1999). Although the need to protect this unique and valuable environment might seems obvious, the rainforest and its river have been the victims of extensive damage due to lack of resource management, overuse of the land and its resources, and
The Amazon is a vast region spanning across Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana (Walker, & Cesareo 2014). Possessing the most developed rainforest of anywhere in the world, over two-thirds of all the fresh water and 20% of the earth’s oxygen are produced in the Amazons (wcupa.edu). Despite the vital role of the Amazons, the rapid deforestation continues to affect the ecosystem. (Mainville, et al, 2006). The main causes of deforestation include unsustainable logging, agriculture, invasive species, fire, fuel wood gathering, and livestock grazing. The widespread of this issue has become an important consideration in global policy processes that deal with biodiversity, climate change, and
The Amazon rainforest being the world’s largest rainforest has as of 2012, lost over a fifth of its forest cover (Renwick, 2017), what used to be the largest carbon sink has now reversed as mass deforestation and soil degradation has occurred, releasing more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. (Watts, 2017). Several indigenous groups have such as the Awa have been displaced, along with the endangerment of several native species and plant life due to loss of habitat and ecosystems that supported them, as Renwick and contributing authors have stated. Weather patterns in the Amazon have been disturbed, with
The majority of the Amazon rainforest resides within the boundaries of Brazil. Deforestation within this region has claimed the attention of many states, organizations, and environmental institutions from around the world. This attention puts pressure on the Brazilian government to ameliorate the current rate. Deforestation has been proven scientifically to affect our environment and causes “a rise in average temperatures and a diminution of rainfall”(LeTourneau, 2016, 2016). In addition, livestock and farming pollutes the local environments. This is the case in the Brazilian Amazon.