How The Enzymes Affect A Substance?

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Enzymes are complex proteins that function as biological catalysts, which act by increasing the rate of biochemical reactions to alter a substance (known as a substrate) in metabolic processes, such as respiration and digestion. In order for enzymes to function at their best, they need their environment to be at certain conditions for the chemical reactions to take place. The environment where the enzymes will function at their best is called ‘optimum conditions’ and will vary from enzyme to enzyme, depending on the chemical reaction.
Denaturation is where the proteins of an enzyme unfold and the structure of an enzyme irreversibly changes so that it cannot perform its intended function. An example of non-specific enzyme inhibitors would be temperature and pH. If the conditions are too acidic or too alkaline, or the temperature is too high, the structure of the enzyme will denature. If the active site of an enzyme is altered, then the substrate cannot fit in to the enzyme and the chemical reaction will not take place.

The conditions of the environment the enzyme is in can have a huge effect on the enzymes performance and the rate of reaction. Some of these conditions include temperature, pH, substrate concentration and product concentration.

Temperature - Reducing temperature can slow down the rate of reaction as there is a lower amount of kinetic energy, leading the enzymes and substrate to collide less often, meaning that the reactions will not take place.. Conversely,
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