How The Growth Of Cities And Scotland Influenced The Development Of Social Welfare

2305 WordsAug 3, 201510 Pages
If time travel was possible and one could somehow travel from Scotland nineteenth century to Scotland twentieth, a dramatic difference would be noticed. In those one hundred years much in Scotland transformed. This essay shall look at the changes that took place and how the growth of cities in Scotland influenced the development of social welfare. During the 1760s Scottish economy started undergoing some important transformations. There was a shift from agriculture to industry which did not happen overnight and some effects of this were not seen until sometime later. The change started within the linen industry. Cotton soon started to take over as it turned out to be more adaptable to the new textile machines that came in to use in the last 1700s. A number of revolutionary inventions changed how the productions of textile goods were produced in Scotland. The Spinning Jenny in 1760s allowed steam power to be introduced in the 1780s to mule spinning. Steam power changed everything about production. At this time the size of the cities compared to the outer parts such as villages and highlands expanded hugely. The population in Scotland almost doubled in fifty years from 1.625m in 1801 to 2.896m in 1851, with this rapid growing happening mostly in the industrial cities. Glasgow’s population went from 77,000 to 275.000. Dundee from 26,000 people to 166,000. Even smaller industrial towns were expanding; Paisley had only 4,000 people during the 1750s and rose to 24,000 in
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