Diabetes is a disease where the body is unable to produce or use insulin effectively. Insulin is needed for proper storage and use of carbohydrates. Without it, blood sugar levels can become too high or too low, resulting in a diabetic emergency. It affects about 7.8% of the population. The incidence of diabetes is known to increase with age. It’s the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the US, and is the primary cause of blindness and foot and leg amputation. It is known to cause neuropathy in up to 70% of diabetic patients. Individuals with diabetes are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
Hyperglycemia is a very serious risk for heart disease and strokes. Complications from hyperglycemic diabetes may include coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure, stroke, arrhythmias, or even death. High blood glucose (sugar) levels over time can lead to excess fatty deposits on the insides of your blood vessel walls. These deposits often affect blood flow, which increases the possibility of blood vessels clogging and/or hardening. As a result, this leads to heart disease. Furthermore, those with diabetic heart disease (DHD) may have less success with heart disease treatments, such as angioplasty or artery bypass grafting. “The common clustering of these risk factors in a single individual has been called the metabolic syndrome.” (Scott 1134) Uncontrolled diabetes, the biggest contributor to heart disease, is almost four times higher for adults than those without diabetes. The best way to prevent diabetic heart disease is to control it by way of reducing the risk factors through diet and lifestyle changes.
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Diabetes: Type two diabetes, also known as adult onset diabetes is a chronic that lowers the immune system and can increase risk of stroke, heart disease and other circulatory problems. Wounds take longer to heal and respiratory infections like pneumonia often are more severe.
The chapter continues with talking about the things that influence one’s health. It talks about individual health, things we can control, like lack of nutrition, little to no physical activity, and how much alcohol one consumes just to name a few examples.
Having Type 2 diabetes at a younger age increases health complications earlier on in life. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease in which it leads to many complications. Type 2 diabetes leads to heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, foot damage, hearing impairment, and Alzheimer's disease.
Describe how this health concern is linked to a health inequity for the population of interest.
However, because Danny does have diabetes, his health is in a poorer state and his risk for developing cardiovascular disease is increased. Diabetes is defined as having a fasting plasma glucose value of 7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl) or higher. Every year, diabetes claims many lives; for example, in 2008, diabetes was responsible for 1.3 million deaths all across the world (World Heart Federation, N.p., n.d). When looking at cardiovascular disease with diabetes, data shows that of all diabetics who die, 60% of them die as a result of cardiovascular disease (World Heart Federation, N.p., n.d). Cardiovascular risk increases with raised glucose values. The risk of cardiovascular events is from two to three times higher in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and the risk is disproportionately higher in women (World Heart Federation, N.p., n.d). From this we can infer that if my mother or I did have diabetes, it would be likely that that would increase our risk to a greater degree compared to Danny’s risk, because he is a male. Cardiovascular risk increases with raised glucose values. In addition, within certain age groups, people with diabetes have a two-fold increase in the risk of stroke. Patients with diabetes also have a poorer prognosis after cardiovascular events compared to people without diabetes. Primary care access to measurement of blood glucose and cardiovascular risk assessment as well as
Diabetes is a disease that is high blood sugar. When you don't take your insulin you could very well go into a diabetic coma. This disease is not something like the flu that goes away in a few days, it is very long lasting. In order to not have a cardiovascular disease too, you have to keep an eye on blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Smoking can also cause a cardiovascular disease. There are also two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also referred to juvenile diabetes, and other things. Of all the people with diabetes about 90% have type 2. Type 2 means your body doesn't produce enough insulin for proper function. People that suffer from obesity are most likely to suffer from type two. Having only one can of soda a day raises your
Studies continue to show a troubling health trend: the instances of diabetes, particularly type 2, are on the rise in this country. Characterized by insulin resistance (insulin is not effective in the body) and elevated blood glucose levels, type 2 diabetes can result in both neural and metabolic dysfunction and lead to cardiovascular disease.
The Open University (2012) L185 English for academic purposes, Block 2 Session 2 ‘Text 2.4: OU student assignment for Y158 Understanding Health’ [online], https://learn2.open.ac.uk/pluginfile.php/717534/m
An adult individual has been chosen to provide an overview and look at the determinants that affect their health. For the purpose of this essay, the individual will be referred to as George. This is to maintain the individual’s confidentiality and anonymity; therefore, a false name has been used. Consent has been gained to base this essay on the individual.
It is important to understand the cause of the current crisis on the matter, factors that lead to diseases and good health, in addition to the steps that need to be taken by an individual so as to maintain good health.