How Valvular Disease Is Responsible For More Than 22 000 Deaths

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“Valvular heart disease is responsible for more than 22 000 deaths each year in the United States. (Patel, Green et al 2014). Thousands of people live long and healthy lives not knowing the they have valvular disease. Due to this, majority of these deaths are from the elderly population. Those who have succumbed to this disease, apart from those who attained it due to congenital reasons, usually have another disease of the heart or vascular system such as coronary disease or hypertension. The risk factors “ include male sex, smoking, hypertension, elevated low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), coronary atherosclerosis, congenital bicuspid valve, and advanced age ( Patel, Green et al 2014). According to the article, men are at a higher risk for valvular disease than women, however, advanced age is the most significant risk factor for attaining this disease. When patients become symptomatic, the treatments of valvular stenosis become necessary in order to increase the quantity of blood needed for systemic circulation, thus prolonging quality of life. Valvular stenosis is the hardening of the valves in the heart: mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary, and/or aortic. Stenotic valves are either too thick, stiff, or are fused together causing it to not open or close all the way like it normally should. This causes a decrease in blood flow to the next chamber of the heart. If one or more valves become diseased, pooling of blood in a chamber will occur, or the blood will leak

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