“The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that have defined the continent in today's modern era.”(History.com/2009) Many historians have argued that the beinging of the reformation goes back to 1517 when Martin Luther wrote 95 Theses. Its ending can be placed anywhere from the 1583-1648, right around the time of the Treaty of Westphalia. The key ideas of the Reformation were to purify the church and a belief that the Bible, not tradition, should be the sole source of spiritual authority. However, Luther and multiple other men contributed on a large scale that widely affected the Reformation. “Martin Luther who was a monk and professor in Germany when he composed his 95 Theses, in which he protested the popes sale of indugences were corrupting church members faith”(Biography.com/2013). With the aid of the printing
The needs and wants of the masses were not taken into consideration. In this essay I am going to look at England pre-reformation and reach my own opinion of whether or not England was actually in need of a reformation in 1529.
The protestant reformation was a significant turning point during the 16th century that completely revolutionized the Roman Catholic Church. The “reformation” was launched in 1517 when a German monk by the name of Martin Luther posted his “95 Theses” on the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg. The main ideas of this publication was that selling and buying indulgences was wrong and that the pope has no power over purgatory. These 95 revolutionary opinions formed the basis for the protestant reformation which revolutionized western civilization over the next three centuries. Although most people believe these reforms only affected religion, the reformation also impacted political life. Politics played an enormous role in the reformation due to the fact that political rulers wanted to extend their power and control using the church. Throughout the course of the protestant reformation, political authorities such as Emperor Charles V and Henry
Let us now examine the time of the Reformation, beginning proper in 1519 with Luther’s quarrels with the Roman Catholic church and ending in the eighteenth century with Wesleyanism, the reformation of theology that occurred within the Church of England.
The reformation was started when Luther wrote the 95 theses as a way to convey his disapproval for current Catholic behavior. The Catholics faced many problems with its clergy, mainly clerical immorality, ignorance, and absenteeism. Curing the Reformation, the Catholic and Protestant churches showed distinctly different doctrines and beliefs, as reflected by the aesthetics of their respective churches. The Catholics believed in 7 Sacraments, Veneration of Saints and elaborate church construction. The Protestants showed a drastically different system, with only 2-3 Sacraments, no honoring the Veneration of Saints, and a very simple church demeanor.
The results and change of the Reformation was that it profoundly affected that of modern view of politics and law. The Reformation gave us the Bible that is now available in several different languages, such as English. The influence of Reformation on today’s society is a very pervasive one. It changed our thinking on family, the economy, working, theology, sex, sexuality, and more are all apart of the reflections and influences of Reformation. While these thought have changed dramatically since the Reformation, it could be argued that Reformation did lay the groundwork for exploration.
13. ‘01 Discuss the political and social consequences of the Protestant Reformation in the first half of the sixteenth century.
Centralized authority during the late 17th century and early 18th century was the basis for reformation. The royal leadership of this period accomplished many achievements, established policies for expansion and established control centrally
I see the reformation to be something bad because in the case of Henry VIII who started the English reformation because the Pope Clement VII refused to annul Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Henry decided to dissolve England’s monasteries to confiscate their wealth and worked to place the Bible in the hands of the people.
Reformation is an act of improvement in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc.; intended to make a striking change for the better in social or political or religious affairs. The Reformation of the sixteenth century in Europe began as an attempt to reform the practices of the Catholic Church and was sparked by Martin Luther’s 95 theses which objected to the abuses he perceived within the church. The Catholic leaders had negatively painted the church through the evils practiced there; corruption, discrimination of the lower class by upper class who were the priest and clergy who received their position by money but not by a call or religion knowledge, their greed and scandalous lives pushed of the selling tickets of indulgences from sin to heaven and many other evils revolving around the church called for reformation (Blick and Tekippe 46). Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and other Protestant reformers came forward to rectify and amend the vicious and depraved behavior of the church. Their effort to renaissance the church was opposed by the Catholic leaders and this brought about religious war like French War of Religion and others which took quite some time.
How did events during Henry VIII’s reign cause for a permanent shift in the religious system of England?
The intent of this paper is to evaluate the distinct character and quality of the expressions of the Protestant Reformation. This paper will discuss Lutheran Reformation, The Anabaptist, and The English Puritans as well as the Catholic Reformation also known as the Counter Reformation. It is the hope that after the reader has had the opportunity to view each of the characteristics and the expressions of each of the reformation the reader will have a better understanding of each and will be able to articulate the differences of each.
Alexander begins his exploration of the English Reformations by addressing that the conversion of England from Catholicism to Protestantism was not a nice transition and does not have set beginnings and endings. He questions how long it took for the protestants to finally have success and also if the method of negation of coercion was more effective. Alexander then addresses the questions if the Protestant reformations occurred from the top down, origination with the leadership, or bottom up, originating from the peasants in society. He also addresses the change came about through conversion or coercion.
The renaissance and the reformation were two of the most significant changes in history that has shaped our world today. Both of these great time periods are strikingly similar in some ways and totally different in others. This is because the renaissance was a change from religion to humanism whether it is in art or literature; it is where the individual began to matter. However, the reformation was,” in a nutshell,” a way to reform the church and even more so to form the way our society is today. The first half of this paper will view the drop in faith, the economic powers, and the artistic and literary changes during the renaissance, while the second half will view the progresses and changes the church makes during the reformation.