How William Harvey Demonstrated Intellectual Honesty in His Discovery of Blood Circulation

1081 WordsFeb 2, 20184 Pages
Intellectual honesty is an applied method to present and discuss facts in unbiased, fair and open-minded manner. In the seventeenth century, William Harvey published his work The Circulation of the Blood. His publication became revolutionary not only because of its scientific contributions, but also because it demonstrated a great example of intellectual honesty, a valuable disposition required for all scholars and scientists. Through his work The Circulation of the Blood, William Harvey expressed intellectual honesty in three different ways: how conventional beliefs did not interfere with his search of truth; how he acknowledged and accepted other relevant publications; and how he defended his view in an unbiased manner. William Harvey was born in 1578 in Folkenstone, England. Like many young scholars at the time, he went to Kings College, graduated, and then enrolled at Italy’s famous medical school, University of Padua. As he graduated with high honors, Harvey also accumulated mixed experiences and knowledge coming from his predecessors and colleagues. Among such, the teachings of Claudius Galen regarding the heart’s circulation proved most profound and vague to Harvey. According to Galen, “A natural spirit promoting growth and nutrition was added in the liver and carried throughout the body by the veins” (Silverman 245). Galen suggested that all pulmonary artery and veins were centered on the liver. His hypothetical assumption resulted in a flawed belief about the

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