How do Life Expectancy, Maternal and Infant Health Changfe Around the World and in Time?
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WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS:
HOW DO LIFE EXPECTANCY, MATERNAL AND INFANT HEALTH CHANGE AROUND THE WORLD AND IN TIME ?
“ We are living longer and healthier” state World Health Organization ( WHO) and all world organizations. Population health is becoming better all over the world and therefore people everywhere are living longer.
Life expectancy is the most commonly used measure to describe population health, others are for instance mortality and morbidity.
I will consider life expectancy, maternal mortality and infant mortality as indicators of global health and analyze their intercountry and time changes.
“ Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing…show more content… This factors coupled in the last decades with a decline in the fertility rate, in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality.
2013 DATA ABOUT MATERNAL AND INFANT MORTALITY IN THE WORLD
In order to analyze the data we must first perfectly understand the meaning of terms such as mortality rate, maternal death, maternal mortality ratio, infant mortality rate, child mortality rate.
• Mortality rate is the number of deaths in a population expressed per 1000 individuals per year. This rate for the whole world is about 8.5 per year per 1000 people. There are important intercountry variations with the worst situation in Africa.
• Maternal death is officially defined as “ the death of a women while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy, but not from accidental or incidental causes.
The major causes of maternal death are: severe bleeding ( 25%), infections ( 15%), hypertension (15%), labour problems ( 10%) , many diseases complicating the pregnancy like malaria, anemia, AIDS, cardiovascular diseases.
There are important sociodemographic factors such as younger age, access to resources like food, family support, skilled medical