How does Charles Dickens use the ghost story genre to provoke fear?

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How does Charles Dickens use the ghost story genre to provoke fear into both the Victorian & modern reader of The Signalman?

Like many other authors, Charles Dickens wrote from his own life experiences. He wrote “The Signalman” due to a horrific incidence where the train derailed at a high speed and killed 10 people.
However, when it came to his ghost stories, he drew inspiration from a great imagination because of his childhood where he lived in poverty and would have come into contact with some of life’s different and not always pleasant, characters. Normally ghost stories in that time, would have included monsters or ghosts and these were usually always
“evil” whilst the characters were usually “good”. Also the fact that a
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Charles Dickens used his descriptions of characters to also stir the reader’s imagination. He gives the signalman a mysterious appearance by mentioning of his “odd skin tone and thick eyebrows”; this gives the reader the impression of a weird looking man. The Victorians were immensely interested in the abnormal and the thought of man who was less than perfect in looks would have intrigued them. This would have given the book an interesting appeal for them. Dickens changed the way the characters behaved throughout the book, at first the signalman seemed quite scared but as the book progressed his mood changed and he became more at ease with the situation but the narrator became more anxious. The narrator seemed like any normal man. However, as the story progressed people became more intrigued about who he was and why he was there. The characters in this book are not typical of the ghost stories of the time as the stories usually included ghosts or visions of the long dead. The signalman was alive and well, this in itself would have seemed unusual to the Victorians.

My impression of the narrator is that it is a man, a gentleman of the time, because of how he speaks, he doesn’t use any local language and he seems very polite. We know it is a man because of a quote in the book, when the signalman speaks
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