How does Shakespeare Exploit the Supernatural for dramatic Effect in Macbeth
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The play begins in a 'desolate place' as the stage directions tell us. Shakespeare uses the pathetic fallacy of 'Thunder and Lightening.' This creates an atmosphere of dark and evil and anticipates something frightening. There are three witches, casting a spell, as Shakespeare shows through the use of rhyming couplets at the end of lines. In addition to this, he uses the syntatic parralelism to suggest that everything is not what it will seem. 'Fair is foul and foul is fair.' This warns the audience so that they can make predictions of what will happen in 'Macbeth.'
A Jacobean audience and Shakespeare?s contemporaries believed in the supernatural very strongly, including the king of that time, King James I of England.…show more content…
As, for the next prediction to come true, King Duncan must be killed for Macbeth to stand a chance of being King. Shakespreare uses Act I Scene III as a way of creating a focus on Macbeth, the plot to get rid of King Duncan and then concentrating on Macbeth?s life after the murder. Scene II and Scene III in Act I juxtapose two different sides of Macbeth?s character. In Scene II Macbeth is shown to be brave and good. In Scene III Macbeth is shown differently, especially as he uses ?Foul and Fair? and interrogatives to try to get information from the witches. In this scene Macbeth is shown to be linked to the supernatural, showing an evil side of him.
In Act IV Scene I Macbeth decides to seek out the witches for himself. He decides to do this because of the appearance of Banquo?s ghost in Act III scene IV. The witches call up three apparitions to predict Macbeth?s future. The first apparition warns Macbeth of Macduff?s presence. The second apparition is ?a bloody child? telling Macbeth that, ?none of woman born shall harm him.? This brings Macbeth confidence and he becomes sinister and evil, wanting to kill Macduff only in case of the apparition not being correct. The third and final apparition is a ?child crowned, with a tree in his hand.? It says, ?Macbeth shall never be vanquished until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill come against him.? Macbeth reacts to say, ?That will never be.? He then makes a speech as if he is casting a spell-by using