How far did the aims and key features of the Five-Year Plans change in the years 1928–41?

1282 Words Oct 20th, 2013 6 Pages
How far did the aims and key features of the Five-Year Plans change in the years 1928–41?
The five year plans were introduced in 1928 by the Stalin and the USSR in order to industrialise Russia. Stalin wanted Russia to be self-sufficient which it wasn’t at the time to do this. The five year plans consisted of 3 plans were run from 1928-1941. The key features and aims of the five year plans can be viewed as being different for each one, however I will be arguing to a greater extent that the key aims and features of the five year plans didn’t change that much.
The first plan was introduced in 1928 and ended at 1932 and its main emphasis was on heavy industrialisation. The main aim of the first five year plan was to transform Russia into a
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Its key features new roads, railways and canals were built to ensure that industries could interact and transport large quantities of industrial produce. Canals such as the Moscow-Volga were built as well as the Moscow Metro. This was done to improve efficiency in the way items were being transported as before in the first five year plan transport was really inefficient .The chemical industry was vital for agriculture as fertilizers were manufactured in them. Some of these aims and key features such as chemical industries were additions to the first five year plan and therefore show a change in the first 5 year plan.
The third 5 year plan also showed some changes in some of its aims and key features. The third five year plan also focused on heavy industry. The third five year plan had a main aim focused on war economy and a lot of the earnings from heavy industry were spent on defence and rearmaments. The third year plan also continued in trying to improve consumer goods. Although a portion of the economy went to armament in the other two plans this a was a change as now a massive proportion of the economy was being spent on war efforts due to threat of invasion from Hitler’s Germany. A third of the government’s money was spent on building new airplanes and weapons. Heavy industry played a big part in the funding as raw materials such coal continued rising. Coal increased from 128 million tonnes to 165 million tonnes. The main aim of third five

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