Essay on How is Sprawl Related to Landscape Change in Cities?

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How is Sprawl Related to Landscape Change in Cities?

Over the past 20 years the 100 largest US urbanized areas have sprawled an additional 14,545 square miles according to the US Bureau of Census on Urbanized Areas. That was more than 9 million acres of natural habitats, farmland and other rural space that were covered over by asphalt, buildings and housing of suburbia. A major controversy in the efforts to halt the rural land loss is whether land-use and consumption decisions are the primary engines of urban sprawl, or whether it is the nation’s growing population boom that is providing the driving expansion. A good example of this rapid sprawl is the city of Chicago. It has had astonishing growth in the past years bringing about
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When looking at the US Census Bureau data I found that two factors share equally in the blame of sprawl. One is per capita sprawl which is about half of the sprawl nationwide. This type of sprawl appears to be related to the land-use and consumption choices that lead to an increase in the average amount of urban land per resident. The second factor is population growth that leads to the increased number of residents in urbanized areas. No other source of sprawl data is as methodically and standardized as the measures of the bureau’s loss of rural land to urbanization according to the Sierra Club report.

Generally, well-planned sprawl or smart growth is a good thing and will result in fewer acres of rural land being covered by urban development. Environmentalists for example are interested in the urban planning aspects of anti-sprawl work because they can reduce the amount of energy used and pollution produced by residents. Also better planned sprawl is likely to keep residents happier and less likely to decide later to move even farther beyond the urban centers. The main issue of this paper is that the urban expansion of rural land loss is also significant to the quality of life of urban dwellers. The larger the urban area, the more difficult it will be for the average resident to reach the open spaces beyond the urban perimeter. The increase in urban distances can also effect
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