How successfully did Britain secure its Interests in the Eastern Question from 1856-1902?

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How successfully did Britain secure its Interests in the Eastern Question from 1856-1902?

Between 1856 and 1902 British aims were to secure trade routes, maintain the balance of power in Britain’s favour, have naval control of the Mediterranean and to safeguard India and North Africa against threatening powers such as France and Russia. These aims were fundamental to Britain at the time and heavily influenced British foreign policy including British involvement in the Eastern Question. Britain’s aims in the Eastern Question were to maintain the integrity of the Ottoman Empire as a buffer to Russia, to encourage the reform of the Ottoman Empire, to prevent Russian penetration of the Balkans and contain the Russian Navy, to prevent
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Disraeli’s greatest successes came with the congress of Berlin in 1878 at which Disraeli managed to preserve enough of the Ottoman Empire for it to remain as a barrier to Russian expansionism. Part of this preservation was the full restoration of Macedonia to the Ottoman Empire thereby successfully achieving Britain’s goal of maintaining the integrity of the Ottoman Empire. Disraeli also managed to achieve the goal of preventing Russian penetration of the Balkans through the dismemberment of Big Bulgaria and the independence of Serbia, Montenegro and Romania as agreed at the Congress of Berlin, which was another great success for Britain. Disraeli’s policies in the Balkans had also won Britain Cyprus, which was a huge strategic advancement as it gave Britain a naval base in the Mediterranean and also furthered Britain’s influence in Egypt and improved the security of the Suez Canal route to India, ‘the jewel in the crown’. This fulfilled three of Britain’s primary aims, which were to secure trade routes, have naval control of the Mediterranean and also acted as a safeguard to India, a huge success for Disraeli. However, Disraeli did have some failures during his time as Prime Minister, the foremost of which was the fact that he had failed to solve the Eastern Question and the long-lasting peace and

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