How the Civil War Effected South Carolina

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The Civil War had a multi-faceted effect on Charleston, South Carolina. As a result of the American Civil War, Charleston’s economy, agriculture, slavery, architecture, and lifestyle forever changed. Charleston, the site of great devastation during and after the American Civil War, took decades to recover. However, Charleston became the most beautiful city in South Carolina. The American Civil War affected Charleston’s agriculture in an enormous way. During the Civil War, as Charleston’s Confederates left the city, and the federal troops entered the city, the Confederates set fire to and blew up many of their own supplies (including cotton, rice and munitions). The Confederates made this drastic choice to prevent the Union, once…show more content…
The Civil War tremendously affected Charleston’s economy. After the Civil War, cotton production, a major cash crop in Charleston, decreased dramatically: 4 million bales in 1861, down to 300,000 in 1865. With the destruction of the economic system in the South, farm values diminished 41% after the war, leaving most of the farmers in poverty (Unit4/CivilWargoals). The Confederate currency became worthless in the post-Civil War economy. Charlestonians grew unable to pay to rebuild the city or pay their taxes. The Confederate government paid the small amount of factories in the Southern States that had converted to making weapons, clothes, and bullets for the war cause. Once the war ended, the money became worthless so the factories shut down. The fighting resulted in the destruction of some Southern factories. Both the Confederacy and the Union destroyed ways of transportion, such as railroads and bridges, in order to prevent the enemy from using them to transport soldiers and supplies from battle to battle ("South Carolina and the Civil War”). Additionally, the lifestyle of many Charlestonians changed drastically after the war. In the early stages of the War, the amount of white men in Charleston totaled 146,000. Out of the 85,000 men who served in

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