How the Five Phases of Nursing Process may be Used to Provide Effective Nursing Care

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Introduction The nursing process is “An organised, systematic and deliberate approach to nursing with the aim of improving standards in nursing care” (Rush S, Fergy S &Weels D, 1996).The five steps of the nursing process are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluating. It was developed by Ida Jean in Florida, USA in 1958 and it was transferred to the UK by 1970.The ‘process ‘is neither a ‘model ‘nor a ‘philosophy’ as it is sometimes defined but merely a method of reasonable discerning and it needs to be used with a clear nursing model. This is foundation for integrating the development into our model for ideal nursing. Throughout the process the patient’s independence should be endured in mind in all the…show more content…
The primary source of information about the patient is the patient himself. However, secondary sources such as health records and family members are important especially in the case of children and disoriented, unconscious or severely ill or disabled people. Information given willingly by the person is categorized as subjective, whereas other types of information such as data from measurements are objective (Roper, Logan, Tierney, 1996 p.52). It involves asking the patient about observable signs and the non-observable symptoms. During assessment the care provider establishes a data base, continuously updates the data base, validates data and communicates data (CamillieriM, 2013). Diagnosis The second phase in nursing process is formulating a nursing diagnosis and examination and combination of data (CamillieriM, 2013). Nurses diagnose human responses to actual or potential health problems after analyzing and interpreting the data they collect from their assessment (LearningExpress Editors, 2009).NANDA (North American Nurses Diagnosis Associations) that was established in 1973 to identify standards and classify health problems treated by nurses defines nursing diagnosis as a clinical judgment about individual, family, or potential health problems/life processes. (Smith J) Diagnosis provides the basis for selection of nursing

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