How the Range of Early Years Setting Reflects the Scope and Purpose of the Sector.

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How the range of early years setting reflects the scope and purpose of the sector.

The early year’s sector in the U.K. is complex, unlike many European countries it was not developed by government policy with specific aims but came about in response to families’ requirements which were based on changing economical and social factors. In the second half of the twentieth century public expenditure on early year’s provision focused on families with social needs and difficulties. Local authority day nurseries catered mainly for children who were at risk from harm mainly in deprived areas. There was early years provision available in the private sector in the form of childminders, nannies and private nurseries.
During the 1960s the
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A session lasts for two-and-a-half hours and can be in the morning or afternoon. Nursery schools may also offer childcare.

Pre-schools and playgroups offer care to children in their local community, either as a morning or afternoon session or as extended sessions including lunch. They are often run by voluntary management committees. They care for children aged from three to five years [some groups may accept younger children] and are usually open during term time

Private Nursery Schools are owned privately and can offer seasonal or full day care to children aged two to five. Some schools can offer a particular educational approach, for example Steiner or Montessori. They may operate only during term-time or open all year.

Independent Schools are owned privately and care for children aged from three to sixteen. The schools are registered with the Department for Education and skills, but make their own arrangements concerning staff numbers qualifications and curriculum. If the school participates in the Early Years Education Funding Scheme, it will offer the Foundation Stage and will be inspected by Ofsted. Opening times are decided by the school

Childminders are professional day carers who look after children in their own homes. They offer a flexible service, caring for children aged from birth to sixteen years. The service offered is unique to each family’s needs and many
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