How the Segregation & Assimilation Policies Impacted on Aboriginal Fam

2083 Words Aug 30th, 2002 9 Pages
2. Compare and contrast the segregation and assimilation policies in relation to the impact they had on the Aboriginal family life.

Aboriginal family life has been disrupted and forcibly changed over the last two hundred years, as a result of the many segregation and assimilation policies introduced by Australian governments. Often a combination of the two was employed. The policy of segregation has impacted upon Aboriginal family life, for through this policy, Aboriginals were restricted and prohibited to practice their traditional culture, hence, resulting in the loss of their Indigenous identity and limiting the cultural knowledge for future Aboriginal generations. The segregation policy also achieved in disfiguring the roles of
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In comparison, to the policy of segregation, the policy of assimilation introduced the separation of Aboriginal children from their parents and the indoctrination of the children into non-Aboriginal ways, thus having a profound influence on Aboriginal family life.

The policy of "assimilation" was officially adopted in 1937; its essence was the concept of "one Australian society" . The ideal of the government policy was to encourage the "absorption of Aboriginals both racially and culturally, into mainstream white society" . The policy of assimilation coupled with the poverty of many Aboriginal families attained from the exploitation of working in the reserves proved to be a double bind. Aboriginal people were supposed to assimilate into the dominant Australian society despite the prejudice and racism, which confronted them. In turn, this "failure" to assimilate and the impoverished circumstances of many Aboriginal people provided the grounds for the removal of Aboriginal children . The Australian government believed that although it may have been to late to assimilate adult aborigines into Australian society, that wasn't the case for the next generation of aborigines, the children. It was believed that by removing the children from their aboriginal
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