Essay about How to Best Manage Juvenile Offenders

700 Words3 Pages
Juvenile crime and managing young offenders continue to be long contested issues. Professional opinions regarding treatment of said wrongdoers have swung between rehabilitation, punishment, and currently rehabilitation. Balancing public safety and the perpetrator’s mental and emotional development causes scrutiny and debate over laws and methods regarding treatment for the youth. Juvenile law focuses on rehabilitative services, when transfer to adult court is needed, and alternatives to incarceration. Understanding children’s mental and emotional development is crucial for developing an effective system of adjudicating and rehabilitating the offender. DJS.state.md.us finds that, in the nineteenth century trying youths separately from…show more content…
Experts note that pre-frontal lobes in the teenage brain are still creating connections essential for developing mature thought processes and reactions. This assessment, however, does not indicate that every teen will make faulty decisions. Indeed, each child is an individual that has the capability to reason and decide their optimal course of action. A common question that comes to mind is “What factors push one child to crime and not another?” The basic answers are simple; home environment, level of parental involvement, participation in extracurricular activities, individual maturity, and self-esteem exert either positive or negative force. Once the determination is made to prosecute an offender the next step is to define their crimes. What is the nature of the crime? Has the child committed other offenses, if so, how severe? Should the adolescent be tried in juvenile court or adult court?
Richard Redding notes that the type of court chosen may be dictated by the age of the juvenile and requirements can differ from state to state, though; most states consider the violence of the offense over the wrongdoer’s age. Given a serious offense, the judge may transfer the adolescent to adult court as young as 14 years of age. The types of crimes that warrant being transferred are any crime, capital crimes and murder, certain violent felonies, and certain
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