How to Prevent Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

1030 WordsJun 22, 20185 Pages
Alcohol is a major part of today’s society. Individuals are constantly being exposed to alcohol on a daily basis by simple commercials on the television or while driving on the highway seeing advertisements of billboards. Alcohol is a dependent substance for many people in society because not only is it a way to release one’s stress, but it is also associated to have a good time with. Attending a holiday party at a family member’s house or a party to celebrate a birthday, alcohol is always involved. Individuals who abuse alcohol who are pregnant women are risking their unborn child with many abnormalities and lifelong implications. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011), “Approximately one in every eight women…show more content…
Even without a high blood alcohol count the fetus can still receive the same effects. The best way to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is to not drink at all. According to Anderson et al. (2014), “48% of women reported risky drinking patterns prior to pregnancy and during pregnancy most women 46% continued the risky drinking patterns” (p 4). Women who continued to drink alcohol during pregnancy decreased only 2%. Knowingly pregnant women still continued to consume alcohol may be a factor of three reasons: One, not knowing that even drinking a few drinks could impact the unborn child, two, ignorance of the pregnant women and not caring about the unborn child, and three, pregnant mothers who have an addiction to alcohol and cannot stop from drinking. These could be all potential reasons why a pregnant woman still continues to drink alcohol even after knowing about the pregnancy. A study revealed the use of alcohol in pregnancy increased with increasing education. According to Ethen et al. (2009), “20.1% among women consumed alcohol with an education of less than 12 years, and 37.1% among women with 16 or more years” (p 277). The increased education means more annual income for women with lower education. This means that the 37.1% of women with 16 or more years of education also has a higher annual income than those women who have less education. The study reveals that the higher the
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