How useful are models of self confidence in developing our understanding of sports performance

1627 WordsFeb 23, 20157 Pages
How useful are models of self-confidence in deepening our understanding of sporting performance? Confidence has been outlined as an important and essential mental skill in sporting performance by both athletes and coaches according to Vealey and Chase, 2008. There is a general consensus of support by the literature for a positive relationship between confidence and performance (Moritz, Feltz, Fahrbach, & Mack, 2000 cited by Machida, Ward and Vealey, 2012). In developing an understanding of these models of confidence and efficacy it has become a primary target to increase the confidence of athletes at specific psychological interventions (Hanton & Jones, 1999; Mamassis & Doganis, 2004 cited by Machida, Ward and Vealey, 2012). There are two…show more content…
First, enactive mastery experiences were the most powerful source of self-efficacy. Second, golfers maintained high self-efficacy over time by recalling prior success, strategically framing experiences, and enlisting supportive verbal persuasions from themselves and from others. Finally, self-efficacy influenced professional golfers’ thought patterns, outcome expectations, and emotional states. Findings support and refine the theoretical tenets of Bandura’s social cognitive theory.” (Valiante and Morris, 2013). “Sport-confidence is defined as the beliefs in individual’s capability to be successful in sport” (Vealey, 1986). The sport confidence model builds on Bandura’s model of self-efficacy. “Vealey et al, (1998) identified nine sources of sport-confidence that are unique to the context of competitive sport. These include mastery (i.e. improving skills in the sporting context), demonstration of ability (i.e. showing off abilities to others or out performing an opponent), physical /mental preparation (i.e. feeling physically and mentally prepared for competition) and physical self-presentation (i.e. one’s physical self-image)” (Vealey and Chase, 2008). A study investigating the effect of a decrease in confidence on the performance in a well-learned task, (Woodman, Akehurst, Hardy and Beattie, 2010) in this case they used skipping, concluded that to an extent a lack in self-confidence or

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