Hpv Immunisation Programme And The New Zealand Public Health And Disability Act 2000 Essay

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HPV IMMUNISATION PROGRAMME
According to the Ministry of Health, in New Zealand, about 160 women develop cervical cancer each year – and about 50 die from it. This has led to different programmes implemented to minimize the incidence of cervical cancer. These programmes include HPV immunisation before the exposure to the infection and regular cervical smear tests for adult once they are sexually active.
This paper will focus on HPV Immunisation Programme, the reason behind its implementation, who are the most advantaged, the beneficiaries, and the inequalities that it’s purposely trying to address, the determinants of these inequalities, how effective it is, and the possible underlying consequences. This paper will also have brief discussion on the Treaty of Waitangi and how it is being addressed in the context of the New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000.
The most important risk factor in acquiring cervical cancer is the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18, which are commonly transmitted through sexual contact. Cervical cancer is also caused by other contributing factors such as smoking, familial history, low intake of food that boost immune system and multiple sexual partners.
In September 2008, the Ministry of Health started the HPV Immunisation Programme, and was added as part of the National Immunization Schedule in 2009. Girls and young women in New Zealand aged 12 are offered free vaccination until they reach the age of 20. The provision of the

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