Hr Assignement

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INTRODUCTION
A Brief History
Human Resource Management (HRM) is the effective management of people at work. It examines what can or should be done to make working people more productive.
HRM can be traced back to England where masons, carpenters, leather workers and other craftspeople organized themselves into guilds. They used their unity to improve work conditions.
The human resource field further developed with the arrival of the Industrial revolution in the latter part of the 18th century, which laid the basis for a new and complex industrial society.
Industrial Revolution began with the substitution of steam power and machinery for time-consuming hand labour. Working conditions, social patterns and the division of labour were
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Human resource managers today practice strategic human resource management. This differs from the traditional HRM practiced some 20 years ago.

The main responsibility for managing human resources in a traditional arrangement rests with specialists in a division or team. In a strategic approach the main responsibility for people management rests with any individual who is in direct contact with them or a line manager. Thus any individual in an organization who has responsibility for people is a human resource manager in addition to his or her regular position.

The traditional or the past’s HRM’s objective was better performance and that of today’s HRM was improved understanding and strategic use of human assets. Also the traditional HRM concentrated on short term results and controlled with rules, policies, position and power and laid major emphasis on following rules. The strategic HRM however concentrated not only on short term but intermediate and long term goals and controlled with flexibility based on human resources and laid major emphasis on developing people.

Culturally, the traditional HRM was more bureaucratic, top-down communication, centralization, whilst today’s HRM is more open, participative and empowered the workers.

Human Resource Management has undergone some of the changing roles over the last twenty years.
HRM is now analyzing and solving problems from beyond service –

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