Human Brain Development

1231 WordsJun 16, 20185 Pages
Children begin learning before they are even born. Some people may wonder how this is possible if the child hasn’t even taken its first breath yet, but it is true. Brain development begins in week four of their first trimester in the womb. This is important because the development helps a child learn and grow, effecting their future learning, education, and social skills. Brain development begins right in the womb and continues to flourish after birth. A child’s brain develops through neurons and their connections by synapses. Neurons communicate at synapses through the use of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemicals sent between neurons as well as the muscles and organs they work with. They attach to receptors on receiving…show more content…
When a baby is born, he or she will actually cry in their language, by either ending their cry on a high or low note corresponding to the ending tones or words of the language. French babies will end their cries on a high note as German babies will end their cries on a low note. After the time in the womb, the second period of life begins. This is considered to be after birth. This is another point in which brain development is influenced in a child. After birth there are five periods; the neonatal, infancy, toddlerhood, preschool, and adolescent periods. Each period is important in the brain development of a child, but the neonatal period is most crucial. The neonatal period is the first 28 days of life for a baby. This is most important because it sets the tone for the child’s development. Think of it this way, the neonatal period is like the beginning of a book. The opening paragraph or chapter sets the tone for the rest of the book. With this, come the influences that effect brain development for the rest of the child’s life. These influences are effects of the environment, nurture or neglect, and early childhood programs. The environment that the child is in, influences their brain development. One aspect of environment includes the wealth of the family. If a child is born into a wealthy environment, then he or she will be provided with the appropriate needs such as clothes, food, diapers, and daycares. If the child is not in a

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