Human Cloning- Term Paper

1576 Words Aug 25th, 2012 7 Pages
Should human reproductive cloning be accepted?

Based from Human Genome Project Information (n.d.), “Cloning is a term traditionally used by scientists to describe different processes for duplicating biological material.” It means creating a genetically identical copy of an organism. Scientists attempted to clone animals for many years. In fact, there are hundreds of cloned animals existing today. It started in 1952 when a tadpole was cloned. But worldwide attention and concerns only aroused in 1997 when Ian Wilmut and his colleagues at Roslin Institute in Scotland were able to clone a lamb, named Dolly (Bonsor and Conger, n.d.).
People began to think for the possibility of using the same procedure to humans. No question human cloning
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The surrogate mother will give birth to the cloned baby at the end of the normal gestation period.
Likewise, couples of gays and lesbians can have their own babies by human cloning (Weekes, 2009). For lesbian couples, one of them can provide an egg and the other doesn’t need to provide a sperm, they can just provide the genes. For gay couples, it is just the same way but will have to find a mother to put the activated embryo in them and born them (Yanmi, 2009). Besides this, human cloning provides a wide range of organs in need, where it could save a lot of lives. In case a person needs an organ such as a pair of lungs, he/she could be cloned. Then the pair of lungs of the identical clone can be taken away for transplant. Also, according to Yanmi (2009), if a family member had died, it can be cloned. In this way, the pain of the family will be cured.
With all the potential benefits of reproductive cloning for infertile couples, homosexual couples, and for treatment of diseases, it is beaten by the disadvantages listed by Pros to ban reproductive human cloning. Many bills in the United States are demanding for the prohibition of reproductive cloning since it has numerous medical and ethical disadvantages. The American Medical Association holds four points of reason why cloning should not take place. They are: 1) there are unknown physical harms introduced by cloning, 2) unknown

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