Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research

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Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Stem cells are cells that have not yet differentiated, or will divide into other cells that will then differentiate. These cells have the ability to develop into any type of cell that the body requires during development and growth. The value of stem cells for research comes from the ability to develop into specialized cells, a process known as differentiation, under experimental conditions. Naturally, stem cells regularly repair or replace damaged tissues. Scientifically, stem cells have been used in a variety of ways: to create Dolly the artificial animal clone, to therapeutic cloning and regenerative medicine, to drug discovery and transplantation medicine. A development of the use of human
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Since this ruling, stem cell research has started to gain popularity in the research arena.
The first research that required an egg was somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) May 15th, 2013. This proceeded when “an enucleated egg is fused with an adult somatic cell in the hope of producing a stem cell line that is tissue-matched to the donor of the somatic cell” (Dickenson, 2009). The technique was designed for the purpose of growing patient specific stem cells that could be used to treat conditions in which new cells would be potentially beneficial. Such conditions could be diabetes, heart disease, or Parkinson 's Disease (Mayor, 2007, pg 581). The resulting stem cells are a genetic match to the cell donor, making SCNT a viable prospect for regenerative medicine. As these diseases are prevalent in current society, it is of little question why one could find this research of great benefit to a large community of patients. Though the egg stem cell research may appear strictly advantageous, it is not without drawback. To research on egg stem cells, the cells must first be harvested and prepared. The procedure for harvesting egg cells has been described as painful (Hyun, 2006, pg 629). A woman must receive daily hormone injections that cause the temporary shutdown of the primary reproductive organ and then rapid ovarian hyper stimulation for up to three weeks. This yields the unnaturally large
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