Human Factors Of Aviation Safety : Cognitive Science

1345 WordsMay 14, 20176 Pages
Human Factors in Aviation Safety: Cognitive Science Karreem L. Lisbon Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University May 2017 Abstract Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary scientific study of minds as information processors. It includes research on how information is processed, represented, and transformed in a nervous system or machine. Human factors directly cause or contribute to many aviation incidents that develop into accidents. In this paper, I will discuss how learning, knowledge, language, and decision making affects the cognitive structure. Additionally, I will discuss the role that cognitive science plays in incident and accident prevention. This paper will also discuss, analyze, evaluate, and create possible solutions to…show more content…
The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. This is where all the cognitive processes originate, sensory inputs are processed, and it is the site of memory. The peripheral nervous system consists of twelve pairs of cranial nerves that connect the brain to the rest of the body. This system carries the information to and from the different parts of the body. The cognitive structure consists of learning, knowledge, language and decision-making. A high level of learning and knowledge is required to process and solve problems quickly and efficiently. The nervous system is the controlling and organizing structure of the body, the seat of consciousness, memory, and emotion, (Campbell & Bagshaw, 2002). Pilots, crewmembers, flight attendants and aviation maintenance personnel are subject to be in a viscous cycle that can create an enormous amount of stress. Cognitive science help identify the human factors in aviation safety that contribute to a person’s ability to make sound decisions based on reasoning and communication. The cognitive structure is much like the motherboard in a computer. Once information from the environment is introduced, a series of processes filtered through stages and operations enabled the brain like the motherboard of a computer, to make decisions based on stimuli from people, places or things. The basic model for information processing consists of four stages;
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