Human Growth and Development Study Guide Ch 1,2,3

1678 Words Feb 10th, 2012 7 Pages
Human Growth & Development

Chapters 1, 2, & 3 Study Guide

Chapter 1

1. What is meant by discontinuous and continuous development?
Continuous development is a process of gradually augmenting the same types of skills that were there to begin with. Discontinuous development is a process in which new ways of understanding and responding to the world emerge at specific times. Broken down, Continuous means infants/preschoolers respond much like adults do and Discontinuous means they have their own unique way of thinking.
2. Explain nature versus nurture.
Nature means the hereditary information we receive from our parents at the moment of conception. Nurture means the complex forces of the physical and social world that influence our
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Structured interviews (including tests and questionnaires), in which each participant is asked the same set of questions in the same way. The clinical or case study method brings together a wide range of information on one person, including interviews, observations, and sometimes tests scores.
12. Be able to identify independent and dependent variables in scenarios (very important).
The independent variable is the one the investigator expects to cause changes in another variable. The dependent variable is the one the investigator expects to be influenced by the independent variable.
13. What types of experiments can be done in research? (Case study, field experiment, natural).
Same as #11
14. Research is strongly monitored by ethics committees. What are the key components of research ethics?
Key components of research ethics are: Protection from harm, informed consent, privacy, knowledge of results, and beneficial treatments.
15. Know the different designs for studying development (longitudinal, cross-sectional, correlational, and sequential).
Longitudinal design-participants are studied repeatedly, and changes are noted as they get older
Cross-sectional design- groups of people differing in age are studied at the same point in time.
Sequential design- they conduct several similar cross-sectional or longitudinal studies at varying times.
Correlational design- researchers gather information on
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